Home » Angularjs » Redirecting to a certain route based on condition

Redirecting to a certain route based on condition

Posted by: admin November 2, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m writing a small AngularJS app that has a login view and a main view, configured like so:

$routeProvider
 .when('/main' , {templateUrl: 'partials/main.html',  controller: MainController})
 .when('/login', {templateUrl: 'partials/login.html', controller: LoginController})
 .otherwise({redirectTo: '/login'});

My LoginController checks the user/pass combination and sets a property on the $rootScope reflecting this:

function LoginController($scope, $location, $rootScope) {
 $scope.attemptLogin = function() {
   if ( $scope.username == $scope.password ) { // test
        $rootScope.loggedUser = $scope.username;
        $location.path( "/main" );
    } else {
        $scope.loginError = "Invalid user/pass.";
    }
}

Everything works, but if I access http://localhost/#/main I end up bypassing the login screen. I wanted to write something like “whenever the route changes, if $rootScope.loggedUser is null then redirect to /login”

… wait. Can I listen to route changes somehow? I’ll post this question anyway and keep looking.

Answers:

After some diving through some documentation and source code, I think I got it working. Perhaps this will be useful for someone else?

I added the following to my module configuration:

angular.module(...)
 .config( ['$routeProvider', function($routeProvider) {...}] )
 .run( function($rootScope, $location) {

    // register listener to watch route changes
    $rootScope.$on( "$routeChangeStart", function(event, next, current) {
      if ( $rootScope.loggedUser == null ) {
        // no logged user, we should be going to #login
        if ( next.templateUrl == "partials/login.html" ) {
          // already going to #login, no redirect needed
        } else {
          // not going to #login, we should redirect now
          $location.path( "/login" );
        }
      }         
    });
 })

The one thing that seems odd is that I had to test the partial name (login.html) because the “next” Route object did not have a url or something else. Maybe there’s a better way?

Questions:
Answers:

Here is maybe a more elegant and flexible solution with ‘resolve’ configuration property and ‘promises’ enabling eventual data loading on routing and routing rules depending on data.

You specify a function in ‘resolve’ in routing config and in the function load and check data, do all redirects. If you need to load data, you return a promise, if you need to do redirect – reject promise before that.
All details can be found on $routerProvider and $q documentation pages.

'use strict';

var app = angular.module('app', [])
    .config(['$routeProvider', function($routeProvider) {
        $routeProvider
            .when('/', {
                templateUrl: "login.html",
                controller: LoginController
            })
            .when('/private', {
                templateUrl: "private.html",
                controller: PrivateController,
                resolve: {
                    factory: checkRouting
                }
            })
            .when('/private/anotherpage', {
                templateUrl:"another-private.html",
                controller: AnotherPriveController,
                resolve: {
                    factory: checkRouting
                }
            })
            .otherwise({ redirectTo: '/' });
    }]);

var checkRouting= function ($q, $rootScope, $location) {
    if ($rootScope.userProfile) {
        return true;
    } else {
        var deferred = $q.defer();
        $http.post("/loadUserProfile", { userToken: "blah" })
            .success(function (response) {
                $rootScope.userProfile = response.userProfile;
                deferred.resolve(true);
            })
            .error(function () {
                deferred.reject();
                $location.path("/");
             });
        return deferred.promise;
    }
};

For russian-speaking folks there is a post on habr “Вариант условного раутинга в AngularJS.”

Questions:
Answers:

I have been trying to do the same. Came up with another simpler solution after working with a colleague. I have a watch set up on $location.path(). That does the trick. I am just starting to learn AngularJS and find this to be more cleaner and readable.

$scope.$watch(function() { return $location.path(); }, function(newValue, oldValue){  
    if ($scope.loggedIn == false && newValue != '/login'){  
            $location.path('/login');  
    }  
});

Questions:
Answers:

A different way of implementing login redirection is to use events and interceptors as described here. The article describes some additional advantages such as detecting when a login is required, queuing the requests, and replaying them once the login is successful.

You can try out a working demo here and view the demo source here.

Questions:
Answers:

1. Set global current user.

In your authentication service, set the currently authenticated user on the root scope.

// AuthService.js

  // auth successful
  $rootScope.user = user

2. Set auth function on each protected route.

// AdminController.js

.config(function ($routeProvider) {
  $routeProvider.when('/admin', {
    controller: 'AdminController',
    auth: function (user) {
      return user && user.isAdmin
    }
  })
})

3. Check auth on each route change.

// index.js

.run(function ($rootScope, $location) {
  $rootScope.$on('$routeChangeStart', function (ev, next, curr) {
    if (next.$$route) {
      var user = $rootScope.user
      var auth = next.$$route.auth
      if (auth && !auth(user)) { $location.path('/') }
    }
  })
})

Alternatively you can set permissions on the user object and assign each route a permission, then check the permission in the event callback.

Questions:
Answers:

Here’s how I did it, in case it helps anyone:

In the config, I set a publicAccess attribute on the few routes that I want open to the public (like login or register):

$routeProvider
    .when('/', {
        templateUrl: 'views/home.html',
        controller: 'HomeCtrl'
    })
    .when('/login', {
        templateUrl: 'views/login.html',
        controller: 'LoginCtrl',
        publicAccess: true
    })

then in a run block, I set a listener on the $routeChangeStart event that redirects to '/login' unless the user has access or the route is publicly accessible:

angular.module('myModule').run(function($rootScope, $location, user, $route) {

    var routesOpenToPublic = [];
    angular.forEach($route.routes, function(route, path) {
        // push route onto routesOpenToPublic if it has a truthy publicAccess value
        route.publicAccess && (routesOpenToPublic.push(path));
    });

    $rootScope.$on('$routeChangeStart', function(event, nextLoc, currentLoc) {
        var closedToPublic = (-1 === routesOpenToPublic.indexOf($location.path()));
        if(closedToPublic && !user.isLoggedIn()) {
            $location.path('/login');
        }
    });
})

You could obviously change the condition from isLoggedIn to anything else… just showing another way to do it.

Questions:
Answers:

I’m doing it using interceptors. I have created a library file which can be added to the index.html file. This way you’ll have global error handling for your rest service calls and don’t have to care about all errors individually. Further down I also pasted my basic-auth login library. There you can see that I also check for the 401 error and redirect to a different location. See lib/ea-basic-auth-login.js

lib/http-error-handling.js

/**
* @ngdoc overview
* @name http-error-handling
* @description
*
* Module that provides http error handling for apps.
*
* Usage:
* Hook the file in to your index.html: <script src="lib/http-error-handling.js"></script>
* Add <div class="messagesList" app-messages></div> to the index.html at the position you want to
* display the error messages.
*/
(function() {
'use strict';
angular.module('http-error-handling', [])
    .config(function($provide, $httpProvider, $compileProvider) {
        var elementsList = $();

        var showMessage = function(content, cl, time) {
            $('<div/>')
                .addClass(cl)
                .hide()
                .fadeIn('fast')
                .delay(time)
                .fadeOut('fast', function() { $(this).remove(); })
                .appendTo(elementsList)
                .text(content);
        };

        $httpProvider.responseInterceptors.push(function($timeout, $q) {
            return function(promise) {
                return promise.then(function(successResponse) {
                    if (successResponse.config.method.toUpperCase() != 'GET')
                        showMessage('Success', 'http-success-message', 5000);
                    return successResponse;

                }, function(errorResponse) {
                    switch (errorResponse.status) {
                        case 400:
                            showMessage(errorResponse.data.message, 'http-error-message', 6000);
                                }
                            }
                            break;
                        case 401:
                            showMessage('Wrong email or password', 'http-error-message', 6000);
                            break;
                        case 403:
                            showMessage('You don\'t have the right to do this', 'http-error-message', 6000);
                            break;
                        case 500:
                            showMessage('Server internal error: ' + errorResponse.data.message, 'http-error-message', 6000);
                            break;
                        default:
                            showMessage('Error ' + errorResponse.status + ': ' + errorResponse.data.message, 'http-error-message', 6000);
                    }
                    return $q.reject(errorResponse);
                });
            };
        });

        $compileProvider.directive('httpErrorMessages', function() {
            return {
                link: function(scope, element, attrs) {
                    elementsList.push($(element));
                }
            };
        });
    });
})();

css/http-error-handling.css

.http-error-message {
    background-color: #fbbcb1;
    border: 1px #e92d0c solid;
    font-size: 12px;
    font-family: arial;
    padding: 10px;
    width: 702px;
    margin-bottom: 1px;
}

.http-error-validation-message {
    background-color: #fbbcb1;
    border: 1px #e92d0c solid;
    font-size: 12px;
    font-family: arial;
    padding: 10px;
    width: 702px;
    margin-bottom: 1px;
}

http-success-message {
    background-color: #adfa9e;
    border: 1px #25ae09 solid;
    font-size: 12px;
    font-family: arial;
    padding: 10px;
    width: 702px;
    margin-bottom: 1px;
}

index.html

<!doctype html>
<html lang="en" ng-app="cc">
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <title>yourapp</title>
        <link rel="stylesheet" href="css/http-error-handling.css"/>
    </head>
    <body>

<!-- Display top tab menu -->
<ul class="menu">
  <li><a href="#/user">Users</a></li>
  <li><a href="#/vendor">Vendors</a></li>
  <li><logout-link/></li>
</ul>

<!-- Display errors -->
<div class="http-error-messages" http-error-messages></div>

<!-- Display partial pages -->
<div ng-view></div>

<!-- Include all the js files. In production use min.js should be used -->
<script src="lib/angular114/angular.js"></script>
<script src="lib/angular114/angular-resource.js"></script>
<script src="lib/http-error-handling.js"></script>
<script src="js/app.js"></script>
<script src="js/services.js"></script>
<script src="js/controllers.js"></script>
<script src="js/filters.js"></script>

lib/ea-basic-auth-login.js

Nearly same can be done for the login. Here you have the answer to the redirect ($location.path(“/login”)).

/**
* @ngdoc overview
* @name ea-basic-auth-login
* @description
*
* Module that provides http basic authentication for apps.
*
* Usage:
* Hook the file in to your index.html: <script src="lib/ea-basic-auth-login.js">  </script>
* Place <ea-login-form/> tag in to your html login page
* Place <ea-logout-link/> tag in to your html page where the user has to click to logout
*/
(function() {
'use strict';
angular.module('ea-basic-auth-login', ['ea-base64-login'])
    .config(['$httpProvider', function ($httpProvider) {
        var ea_basic_auth_login_interceptor = ['$location', '$q', function($location, $q) {
            function success(response) {
                return response;
            }

            function error(response) {
                if(response.status === 401) {
                    $location.path('/login');
                    return $q.reject(response);
                }
                else {
                    return $q.reject(response);
                }
            }

            return function(promise) {
                return promise.then(success, error);
            }
        }];
        $httpProvider.responseInterceptors.push(ea_basic_auth_login_interceptor);
    }])
    .controller('EALoginCtrl', ['$scope','$http','$location','EABase64Login', function($scope, $http, $location, EABase64Login) {
        $scope.login = function() {
            $http.defaults.headers.common['Authorization'] = 'Basic ' + EABase64Login.encode($scope.email + ':' + $scope.password);
            $location.path("/user");
        };

        $scope.logout = function() {
            $http.defaults.headers.common['Authorization'] = undefined;
            $location.path("/login");
        };
    }])
    .directive('eaLoginForm', [function() {
        return {
            restrict:   'E',
            template:   '<div id="ea_login_container" ng-controller="EALoginCtrl">' +
                        '<form id="ea_login_form" name="ea_login_form" novalidate>' +
                        '<input id="ea_login_email_field" class="ea_login_field" type="text" name="email" ng-model="email" placeholder="E-Mail"/>' +
                        '<br/>' +
                        '<input id="ea_login_password_field" class="ea_login_field" type="password" name="password" ng-model="password" placeholder="Password"/>' +
                        '<br/>' +
                        '<button class="ea_login_button" ng-click="login()">Login</button>' +
                        '</form>' +
                        '</div>',
            replace: true
        };
    }])
    .directive('eaLogoutLink', [function() {
        return {
            restrict: 'E',
            template: '<a id="ea-logout-link" ng-controller="EALoginCtrl" ng-click="logout()">Logout</a>',
            replace: true
        }
    }]);

angular.module('ea-base64-login', []).
    factory('EABase64Login', function() {
        var keyStr = 'ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOP' +
            'QRSTUVWXYZabcdef' +
            'ghijklmnopqrstuv' +
            'wxyz0123456789+/' +
            '=';

        return {
            encode: function (input) {
                var output = "";
                var chr1, chr2, chr3 = "";
                var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4 = "";
                var i = 0;

                do {
                    chr1 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
                    chr2 = input.charCodeAt(i++);
                    chr3 = input.charCodeAt(i++);

                    enc1 = chr1 >> 2;
                    enc2 = ((chr1 & 3) << 4) | (chr2 >> 4);
                    enc3 = ((chr2 & 15) << 2) | (chr3 >> 6);
                    enc4 = chr3 & 63;

                    if (isNaN(chr2)) {
                        enc3 = enc4 = 64;
                    } else if (isNaN(chr3)) {
                        enc4 = 64;
                    }

                    output = output +
                        keyStr.charAt(enc1) +
                        keyStr.charAt(enc2) +
                        keyStr.charAt(enc3) +
                        keyStr.charAt(enc4);
                    chr1 = chr2 = chr3 = "";
                    enc1 = enc2 = enc3 = enc4 = "";
                } while (i < input.length);

                return output;
            },

            decode: function (input) {
                var output = "";
                var chr1, chr2, chr3 = "";
                var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4 = "";
                var i = 0;

                // remove all characters that are not A-Z, a-z, 0-9, +, /, or =
                var base64test = /[^A-Za-z0-9\+\/\=]/g;
                if (base64test.exec(input)) {
                    alert("There were invalid base64 characters in the input text.\n" +
                        "Valid base64 characters are A-Z, a-z, 0-9, '+', '/',and '='\n" +
                        "Expect errors in decoding.");
                }
                input = input.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9\+\/\=]/g, "");

                do {
                    enc1 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
                    enc2 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
                    enc3 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));
                    enc4 = keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++));

                    chr1 = (enc1 << 2) | (enc2 >> 4);
                    chr2 = ((enc2 & 15) << 4) | (enc3 >> 2);
                    chr3 = ((enc3 & 3) << 6) | enc4;

                    output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr1);

                    if (enc3 != 64) {
                        output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr2);
                    }
                    if (enc4 != 64) {
                        output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr3);
                    }

                    chr1 = chr2 = chr3 = "";
                    enc1 = enc2 = enc3 = enc4 = "";

                } while (i < input.length);

                return output;
            }
        };
    });
})();

Questions:
Answers:

It’s possible to redirect to another view with angular-ui-router. For this purpose, we have the method $state.go("target_view"). For example:

 ---- app.js -----

 var app = angular.module('myApp', ['ui.router']);

 app.config(function ($stateProvider, $urlRouterProvider) {

    // Otherwise
    $urlRouterProvider.otherwise("/");

    $stateProvider
            // Index will decide if redirects to Login or Dashboard view
            .state("index", {
                 url: ""
                 controller: 'index_controller'
              })
            .state('dashboard', {
                url: "/dashboard",
                controller: 'dashboard_controller',
                templateUrl: "views/dashboard.html"
              })
            .state('login', {
                url: "/login",
                controller: 'login_controller',
                templateUrl: "views/login.html"
              });
 });

 // Associate the $state variable with $rootScope in order to use it with any controller
 app.run(function ($rootScope, $state, $stateParams) {
        $rootScope.$state = $state;
        $rootScope.$stateParams = $stateParams;
    });

 app.controller('index_controller', function ($scope, $log) {

    /* Check if the user is logged prior to use the next code */

    if (!isLoggedUser) {
        $log.log("user not logged, redirecting to Login view");
        // Redirect to Login view 
        $scope.$state.go("login");
    } else {
        // Redirect to dashboard view 
        $scope.$state.go("dashboard");
    }

 });

----- HTML -----

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
    <head>
        <title>My WebSite</title>

        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge,chrome=1">
        <meta name="description" content="MyContent">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

        <script src="js/libs/angular.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="js/libs/angular-ui-router.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
        <script src="js/app.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

    </head>
    <body ng-app="myApp">
        <div ui-view></div>
    </body>
</html>

Questions:
Answers:

In your app.js file:

.run(["$rootScope", "$state", function($rootScope, $state) {

      $rootScope.$on('$locationChangeStart', function(event, next, current) {
        if (!$rootScope.loggedUser == null) {
          $state.go('home');
        }    
      });
}])

Questions:
Answers:

If you do not want to use angular-ui-router, but would like to have your controllers lazy loaded via RequireJS, there are couple of problems with event $routeChangeStart when using your controllers as RequireJS modules (lazy loaded).

You cannot be sure the controller will be loaded before $routeChangeStart gets triggered — in fact it wont be loaded. That means you cannot access properties of next route like locals or $$route because they are not yet setup.
Example:

app.config(["$routeProvider", function($routeProvider) {
    $routeProvider.when("/foo", {
        controller: "Foo",
        resolve: {
            controller: ["$q", function($q) {
                var deferred = $q.defer();
                require(["path/to/controller/Foo"], function(Foo) {
                    // now controller is loaded
                    deferred.resolve();
                });
                return deferred.promise;
            }]
        }
    });
}]);

app.run(["$rootScope", function($rootScope) {
    $rootScope.$on("$routeChangeStart", function(event, next, current) {
        console.log(next.$$route, next.locals); // undefined, undefined
    });
}]);

This means you cannot check access rights in there.

Solution:

As loading of controller is done via resolve, you can do the same with your access control check:

app.config(["$routeProvider", function($routeProvider) {
    $routeProvider.when("/foo", {
        controller: "Foo",
        resolve: {
            controller: ["$q", function($q) {
                var deferred = $q.defer();
                require(["path/to/controller/Foo"], function(Foo) {
                    // now controller is loaded
                    deferred.resolve();
                });
                return deferred.promise;
            }],
            access: ["$q", function($q) {
                var deferred = $q.defer();
                if (/* some logic to determine access is granted */) {
                    deferred.resolve();
                } else {
                    deferred.reject("You have no access rights to go there");
                }
                return deferred.promise;
            }],
        }
    });
}]);

app.run(["$rootScope", function($rootScope) {
    $rootScope.$on("$routeChangeError", function(event, next, current, error) {
        console.log("Error: " + error); // "Error: You have no access rights to go there"
    });
}]);

Note here that instead of using event $routeChangeStart I’m using $routeChangeError

Questions:
Answers:
    $routeProvider
 .when('/main' , {templateUrl: 'partials/main.html',  controller: MainController})
 .when('/login', {templateUrl: 'partials/login.html', controller: LoginController}).
 .when('/login', {templateUrl: 'partials/index.html', controller: IndexController})
 .otherwise({redirectTo: '/index'});