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regex – PHP: Browser version number user-agent with Version/x.x.x (Safari & Opera)

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I wrote a simple class to check for user agents to display a warning for incompatible browsers. I’m doing this server side, I know it’s possible client side.

Okey first off, I’m not much good for writing regexes..

I wrote a regex that searches for lower case browser names followed by the version number.
I do a foreach() with an array something like this:

<?php
    $browsers = Array('msie','chrome','safari','firefox','opera');    

    foreach($browsers as $i => $browser)  
    {
        $regex = "#({$browser})[/ ]([0-9.]*)#i";

        if(preg_match($regex, $useragent, $matches))
        {
            echo "Browser: \"{$matches[0]}\", version: \"{$matches[1]}\"";
        }
    }
?>

This would yield: Browser: "Firefox", version "23.0.6".

I found this works for Firefox, MS IE, and older versions of Opera. However some browsers like Safari and the newer versions of Opera have a different user-agent string that contains Version/x.x.x, which is

Just to give you the an idea here are 3 user-agent strings and what I need is highlighted.

  1. Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_8_4) AppleWebKit/536.30.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0.5 Safari/536.30.1
  2. Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0)
  3. Opera/9.80 (Windows NT 6.0) Presto/2.12.388 Version/12.14

So in each of these the following human logic correct:

  • If there is a Version/x.x.x in the string that is the version number.
  • If there isn’t then Browsername/x.x.x is the version number.

Also if you look at the 1st and last user-agent string above, you can see the Version can come before or after the browser name.

Can somebody help me to make a regex to be used with preg_match()? Do I need to use a conditional statement or can I search for optional groupings? I’m a bit confused..

Thanks!

Edit 17-09-2013: I forgot to mention, I don’t want to use get_browser(), it uses a huge library to detect the browsers capabilities etc. I only need a short “whitelist” of browsers that should take a few milliseconds rather than a few hundred ms to read the browse cap.ini files.. Otherwise George’s answer would’ve been the answer..

How to&Answers:

Ended up doing it a little differently since I had some trouble with some browsers with Remus’ answer.

<?php

function get_useragent_info($ua)
{
    $ua = is_null($ua) ? $_SERVER['HTTP_USER_AGENT'] : $ua;
    // Enumerate all common platforms, this is usually placed in braces (order is important! First come first serve..)
    $platforms = "Windows|iPad|iPhone|Macintosh|Android|BlackBerry";

    // All browsers except MSIE/Trident and.. 
    // NOT for browsers that use this syntax: Version/0.xx Browsername  
    $browsers = "Firefox|Chrome"; 

    // Specifically for browsers that use this syntax: Version/0.xx Browername  
    $browsers_v = "Safari|Mobile"; // Mobile is mentioned in Android and BlackBerry UA's

    // Fill in your most common engines..
    $engines = "Gecko|Trident|Webkit|Presto";

    // Regex the crap out of the user agent, making multiple selections and.. 
    $regex_pat = "/((Mozilla)\/[\d\.]+|(Opera)\/[\d\.]+)\s\(.*?((MSIE)\s([\d\.]+).*?(Windows)|({$platforms})).*?\s.*?({$engines})[\/\s]+[\d\.]+(\;\srv\:([\d\.]+)|.*?).*?(Version[\/\s]([\d\.]+)(.*?({$browsers_v})|$)|(({$browsers})[\/\s]+([\d\.]+))|$).*/i";

    // .. placing them in this order, delimited by |
    $replace_pat = '$7$8|$2$3|$9|$5$3|$6';

    // Run the preg_replace .. and explode on |
    $ua_array = explode("|",preg_replace($regex_pat, $replace_pat, $ua, PREG_PATTERN_ORDER));

    if (count($ua_array)>1)
    {
        $return['platform']  = $ua_array[0];  // Windows / iPad / MacOS / BlackBerry
        $return['type']      = $ua_array[1];  // Mozilla / Opera etc.
        $return['renderer']  = $ua_array[2];  // WebKit / Presto / Trident / Gecko etc.
        $return['browser']   = $ua_array[3];  // Chrome / Safari / MSIE / Firefox

        /* 
           Not necessary but this will filter out Chromes ridiculously long version
           numbers 31.0.1234.122 becomes 31.0, while a "normal" 3 digit version number 
           like 10.2.1 would stay 10.2.1, 11.0 stays 11.0. Non-match stays what it is.
        */

        if (preg_match("/^[\d]+\.[\d]+(?:\.[\d]{0,2}$)?/",$ua_array[4],$matches))
        {
            $return['version'] = $matches[0];     
        }
        else
        {
            $return['version'] = $ua_array[4];
        }
    }
    else
    {
        /*
           Unknown browser.. 
           This could be a deal breaker for you but I use this to actually keep old
           browsers out of my application, users are told to download a compatible
           browser (99% of modern browsers are compatible. You can also ignore my error
           but then there is no guarantee that the application will work and thus
           no need to report debugging data.
         */

        return false;
    }

    // Replace some browsernames e.g. MSIE -> Internet Explorer
    switch(strtolower($return['browser']))
    {
        case "msie":
        case "trident":
            $return['browser'] = "Internet Explorer";
            break;
        case "": // IE 11 is a steamy turd (thanks Microsoft...)
            if (strtolower($return['renderer']) == "trident")
            {
                $return['browser'] = "Internet Explorer";
            }
        break;
    }

    switch(strtolower($return['platform']))
    {
        case "android":    // These browsers claim to be Safari but are BB Mobile 
        case "blackberry": // and Android Mobile
            if ($return['browser'] =="Safari" || $return['browser'] == "Mobile" || $return['browser'] == "")
            {
                $return['browser'] = "{$return['platform']} mobile";
            }
            break;
    }

    return $return;
} // End of Function
?>

Answer:

Given your handful of results, this works. It may not in all cases, but it’s going to reduce your processing time drastically.

I’d use a single regular expression to extract the version:

(?:version\/|(?:msie|chrome|safari|firefox|opera) )([\d.]+)

And then, since you’re only searching for a handful of exact strings, you can use php’s stripos() to check for the browser string.

<?php
$useragent = "Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_8_4) AppleWebKit/536.30.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/6.0.5 Safari/536.30.1";
$browsers = Array('msie','chrome','safari','firefox','opera');
preg_match("/(?:version\/|(?:msie|chrome|safari|firefox|opera) )([\d.]+)/i", $useragent, $matches);
$version = $matches[1];
$browser = "";
foreach($browsers as $b)  
{
    if (stripos($useragent, $b) !== false)
    {
        $browser = ucfirst($b);
        break;
    }
}
echo "$browser: $version";
?>

The benefits of doing it this way are immediate:

  • You don’t need to test the useragent multiple times with the regular expression.
  • stripos() is significantly faster at processing than regular expressions.

You can also play around with the regex here: http://regex101.com/r/lE6lI2

Answer:

Have you heard of browscap and get_browser()? On my install:

$info = get_browser();
echo $info->browser; // Chrome
echo $info->version; // 29.0

To use it, grab yourself a copy of a PHP version of browscap.ini from here (e.g. php_browscap.ini), reference it in php.ini under the browscap directive, and you’re good to go.

Answer:

This class / function does a nice job:

old dead link: https://github.com/diversen/coscms/blob/master/coslib/useragent.php

I have tested this with an iphone and opera. At the same time you will get the OS the browser is running on .)

Edit:

I can see that this function has got a git repo of it’s own. Use this as this is updated and maintained:

https://github.com/donatj/PhpUserAgent