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Run Java class file from PHP script on a website

Posted by: admin April 23, 2020 Leave a comment


I have a website and want to be able to allow the user to run a Java file on the server from the website.

I want the user to click a button which will run the Java file on the server AND anything printed to standard-out by the Java program will be printed out on the website for the user to see.

How can this be done (call Java program from PHP and feed the standard out from the Java file back to the PHP website in real time)?


Thanks for the answers on how to run the Java program from PHP. However I also want to be able, as the Java program is printing to stdout where it will be printing out a lot of text as it is executing, to be able to print this out on the webpage so that the user can see what stage the Java program is in its execution.

How can this be done and does it require any additional AJAX or JavaScript or anything like that?

How to&Answers:

The PHP exec() function is the way to go, but you should be very careful in what you allow to executed.. in other words don’t rely on user input as it could potentially compromise your entire server.

Calling the Java application launcher using exec, you can execute any Java application from PHP, e.g.

<?php exec("java -jar file.jar arguments", $output); ?>


Since you mention real time I would suggest setting up a PHP to Java Bridge. Initializing the JVM at each request takes up a lot of resources.

PHP/Java Bridge

The PHP/Java Bridge is an
implementation of a streaming,
XML-based network protocol, which can
be used to connect a native script
engine, for example PHP, Scheme or
Python, with a Java or ECMA 335
virtual machine. It is up to 50 times
faster than local RPC via SOAP,
requires less resources on the
web-server side. It is faster and
more reliable than direct
communication via the Java Native
Interface, and it requires no
additional components to invoke Java
procedures from PHP or PHP procedures
from Java.


I would rather wrap the Java class in a Java applet, which can then be invoked from a javascript call on the client side : see http://www.rgagnon.com/javadetails/java-0170.html

Otherwise, if the call throws a lot of text to the standard output or the class has to be run on the server because of system dependencies, calling from php exec is the way to go, but you will probably need something like cometd to display the text on the client in real time. There are implementations for various javascript toolkits such as Dojo or jQuery.

For the server side, there seems to be a cometd implementation in php here.

I hope this helps…



Check out exec and the other program execution functions. But do this very carefully, or it’s a recipe for exploits.


Is the passthru function of any use?