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Schedule task in android

Posted by: admin June 15, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am using below code for scheduling a task in android but its not giving any results. Please advise on the same.

int delay = 5000; // delay for 5 sec.
int period = 1000; // repeat every sec.
Timer timer = new Timer();
timer.scheduleAtFixedRate(new TimerTask() {

   public void run() {
      Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"RUN!",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
   }

}, delay, period);
How to&Answers:

TimerTasks are not ideal to use in an android environment because they’re not context-aware. If your context goes away, the TimerTask will still wait patiently in the background, eventually firing and potentially crashing your app because its activity was previously finished. Or, it may keep references to your activity around after it’s been closed, preventing it from being garbage collected and potentially making your app run out of memory.

Instead, use postDelayed(), which will automatically cancel the task when the activity is shut down.

final int delay = 5000;
final int period = 1000;
final Runnable r = new Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),"RUN!",Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        postDelayed(this, period);
    }
};

postDelayed(r, delay);

By the way, if you ever need to cancel your task manually, you can use removeCallbacks(r) where r is the runnable you posted previously.

Answer:

I got the answer as per below code:

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);
    Timer timer = new Timer();

    timer.schedule(new ScheduledTaskWithHandeler(), 5000);

}

final Handler handler = new Handler() {

   public void handleMessage(Message msg) {
       Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Run!",
           Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
   }
};

class ScheduledTaskWithHandeler extends TimerTask {

    @Override
    public void run() {
        handler.sendEmptyMessage(0);
    }
}