We have a web service that should only be called by a specific Android app. What solutions are there for this problem?
The requirement is to not use authentication at all.
If it’s only your client and your server, you can (and should) use SSL without purchasing anything. You control the server and the client, so each should only trust one certificate, the one belonging to the other and you don’t need CAs for this purpose.
Here’s the high-level approach. Create a self-signed server SSL certificate and deploy on your web server. You can use the keytool included with the Android SDK for this purpose. Then create a self-signed client and deploy that within your application in a custom keystore included in your application as a resource (keytool will generate this as well). Configure the server to require client-side SSL authentication and to only accept the client certificate you generated. Configure the client to use that client-side certificate to identify itself and only accept the one server-side certificate you installed on your server for that part of it.
A step-by-step for this is a much longer answer than is warranted here. I would suggest doing this in stages as there are resources on the web about how to deal with self-signed SSL certificate in Android, both server and client side. There is also a complete walk-through in my book, Application Security for the Android Platform, published by O’Reilly.
You’ll normally store that certificate/private-key in a keystore of sometype (a KeyStore if you’re using Android) and that keystore will be encrypted. That encryption is based on a password, so you’ll either need to (1) store that password in your client somewhere, or (2) ask the user for the password when they start your client app. What you need to do depends on your usecase. If (2) is acceptable, then you’ve protected your credential against reverse engineering since it will be encrypted and the password will not be stored anywhere (but the user will need to type it in everytime). If you do (1), then someone will be able to reverse engineer your client, get the password, get the keystore, decrypt the private key and certificate, and create another client that will be able to connect to the server.
There is nothing you can do to prevent this; you can make reverse engineering your code harder (by obfuscation, etc) but you cannot make it impossible. You need to determine what the risk you are trying to mitigate with these approaches is and how much work is worth doing to mitigate it.
I guess this will work with proper authentification in place. First post I just stumpled upon was this one:
Securing communication from android to a web service
Hope it helps =)
If you’re absolutely certain this web service will only need to be accessed by authorized applications/devices, go with client-side SSL certificates and restrict access at the server to only clients with authorized certs. This has the bonus feature of forcing SSL at all times so you don’t like auth secrets over an open channel. Here’s a quick guide for Apache, but you could use nginx too: