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send json object from javascript to php

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I am trying to send JSON object from Javascript/Jquery to PHP and I am getting and error msg in my console. What am I doing wrong. I am new to JS and PHP.

JQuery file:

$(document).ready(function() {
    var flickr = {'action': 'Flickr', 'get':'getPublicPhotos'};
    // console.log(typeof(flickr));
    var makeFlickrCall = function(flickrObj){
        $.ajax({
            url: '../phpincl/apiConnect.php',
            type: 'POST',
            data: flickrObj
        })
        .done(function(data) {
            console.log("success");
            console.log(JSON.stringify(data));
        })
        .fail(function() {
            console.log("error");
        })
        .always(function() {
            console.log("complete");
        });
    };

    makeFlickrCall(flickr);
});

PHP file

<?php       
    $obj = $_POST['data'];
    // print_r($obj);
    return $obj;
?>
How to&Answers:

Excellent answer by Phil, however since the OP title says

send json object from javascript (not jQuery ) to php

this is how to do it with (vanilla) javascript, in case it helps somebody looking for this method:

var jsondata;
var flickr = {'action': 'Flickr', 'get':'getPublicPhotos'};
var data = JSON.stringify(flickr);

var xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();
xhr.open("POST", "../phpincl/apiConnect.php", !0);
xhr.setRequestHeader("Content-Type", "application/json;charset=UTF-8");
xhr.send(data);
xhr.onreadystatechange = function () {
    if (xhr.readyState === 4 && xhr.status === 200) {
        // in case we reply back from server
        jsondata = JSON.parse(xhr.responseText);
        console.log(jsondata);
    }
}

Notice we still need to convert the server’s response into a javascript object using JSON.parse()

Now, on the server side (based on Phil’s answer) if you are sending back a response to the client, you could do:

header('Content-type: application/json');
$json = file_get_contents('php://input');
$json_decode = json_decode($json, true); 
$json_encode = json_encode($json_decode);
echo $json_encode;

NOTE:

The reason behind decoding first and then encoding back the raw json input is to properly escape slashes in (possible) URLs within the data, e.g.

json_encode will convert this URL

http://example.com

into

http:\/\/example.com

… which is not the case in the OP but useful in some other scenarios.

Answer:

The standard jQuery .ajax() method uses the data property to create an x-www-form-urlencoded string to pass in the request body. Something like this

action=Flickr&get=getPublicPhotos

Therefore, your PHP script should not look for $_POST['data'] but instead, $_POST['action'] and $_POST['get'].

If you want to send a raw JSON data payload to PHP, then do the following…

Set the AJAX contentType parameter to application/json and send a stringified version of your JSON object as the data payload, eg

$.ajax({
    url: '../phpincl/apiConnect.php',
    type: 'POST',
    contentType: 'application/json',
    data: JSON.stringify(flickrObj),
    dataType: 'json'
})

Your PHP script would then read the data payload from the php://input stream, eg

$json = file_get_contents('php://input');

You can then parse this into a PHP object or array…

$dataObject = json_decode($json);
$dataArray = json_decode($json, true);

And, if you’re just wanting to echo it back to the client..

header('Content-type: application/json');

// unmodified
echo $json;

// or if you've made changes to say $dataArray
echo json_encode($dataArray);

Answer:

Use:

makeFlickrCall( { data: JSON.stringify( flickr )} );

Instead of

makeFlickrCall(flickr);

Your server-side script should receive your JSON as follows:

data="{"action":"Flickr","get":"getPublicPhotos"}"