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Show compose SMS view in Android

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to send a sms with Android.

What is the intent for SMS sending?

I want to show the compose sms view with my pre-define text passing over in message field.

How to&Answers:

You can use the following code:

startActivity(new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse("sms:"
                        + phoneNumber)));

Make sure you set phoneNumber to the phone number that you want to send the message to

You can add a message to the SMS with (from comments):

Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse("sms:" + phoneNumber));     
intent.putExtra("sms_body", message); 
startActivity(intent);

Answer:

This worked for me.

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.main);
    Button btnSendSMS = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btnSendSMS);
    btnSendSMS.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
        public void onClick(View v) {
            sendSMS("5556", "Hi You got a message!");
           /*here i can send message to emulator 5556. In Real device 
            *you can change number*/
        }
    });
}

//Sends an SMS message to another device

private void sendSMS(String phoneNumber, String message) {
    SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
    sms.sendTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, message, null, null);
}

You can add this line in AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>

Take a look at this

This may be helpful for you.

Answer:

Try the below code and then call, sendSMS("99999999999", "message"); to send sms in desired number.

//---sends an SMS message to another device---
@SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
private void sendSMS(String phoneNumber, String message)
{        
    Log.v("phoneNumber",phoneNumber);
    Log.v("MEssage",message);
    PendingIntent pi = PendingIntent.getActivity(this, 0,
    new Intent(this, **DummyClasshere.class**), 0);                
    SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
    sms.sendTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, message, pi, null);        
}

Please place the following permission into AndroidManifest.xml file.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>

Hope this might help.

Update
From the comment:
DummyClasshere.class is an activity without doing any process or the class in which u need to navigate.

You can use Object.class in place of DummyClasshere.class.

Answer:

This will definitely work, In this, Send message without using any intent .

SmsManager smsManager =     SmsManager.getDefault();
smsManager.sendTextMessage("Phone Number", null, "Message", null, null);

This code is used for send message in background (Not showing message composer), It can also work inside the Broadcast receiver. If you want to send a message from Broadcast receiver.

   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>

Answer:

In Android , we have the class SmsManager which manages SMS operations such as sending data, text, and pdu SMS messages. Get this object by calling the static method SmsManager.getDefault().

SmsManager Javadoc

Check the following link to get the sample code for sending SMS:

article on sending and receiving SMS messages in Android

Answer:

Hope this code helps you out 🙂

public class MainActivity extends Activity {
    private int mMessageSentParts;
    private int mMessageSentTotalParts;
    private int mMessageSentCount;
     String SENT = "SMS_SENT";
     String DELIVERED = "SMS_DELIVERED";
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        Button button=(Button)findViewById(R.id.button1);
        button.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {

            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                // TODO Auto-generated method stub
                String phoneNumber = "0000000000";
                String message = "Hello World!";
                sendSMS(phoneNumber,message);


            }
        });



    }


    public void sendSMS(String phoneNumber,String message) {
        SmsManager smsManager = SmsManager.getDefault();


         String SENT = "SMS_SENT";
            String DELIVERED = "SMS_DELIVERED";

            SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
            ArrayList<String> parts = sms.divideMessage(message);
            int messageCount = parts.size();

            Log.i("Message Count", "Message Count: " + messageCount);

            ArrayList<PendingIntent> deliveryIntents = new ArrayList<PendingIntent>();
            ArrayList<PendingIntent> sentIntents = new ArrayList<PendingIntent>();

            PendingIntent sentPI = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, new Intent(SENT), 0);
            PendingIntent deliveredPI = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(this, 0, new Intent(DELIVERED), 0);

            for (int j = 0; j < messageCount; j++) {
                sentIntents.add(sentPI);
                deliveryIntents.add(deliveredPI);
            }

            // ---when the SMS has been sent---
            registerReceiver(new BroadcastReceiver() {
                @Override
                public void onReceive(Context arg0, Intent arg1) {
                    switch (getResultCode()) {
                    case Activity.RESULT_OK:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "SMS sent",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_GENERIC_FAILURE:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "Generic failure",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_NO_SERVICE:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "No service",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_NULL_PDU:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "Null PDU",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_RADIO_OFF:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "Radio off",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }, new IntentFilter(SENT));

            // ---when the SMS has been delivered---
            registerReceiver(new BroadcastReceiver() {
                @Override
                public void onReceive(Context arg0, Intent arg1) {
                    switch (getResultCode()) {

                    case Activity.RESULT_OK:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "SMS delivered",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    case Activity.RESULT_CANCELED:
                        Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), "SMS not delivered",
                                Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        break;
                    }
                }
            }, new IntentFilter(DELIVERED));
  smsManager.sendTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, message, sentPI, deliveredPI);
           /* sms.sendMultipartTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, parts, sentIntents, deliveryIntents); */
    }
}

Answer:

I add my SMS method if it can help someone.
Be careful with smsManager.sendTextMessage, If the text is too long, the message does not go away. You have to respect max length depending of encoding.
More information here SMS Manager send mutlipart message when there is less than 160 characters

//TO USE EveryWhere

SMSUtils.sendSMS(context, phoneNumber, message);

//Manifest

<!-- SMS -->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE"/>

 <receiver
     android:name=".SMSUtils"
     android:enabled="true"
     android:exported="true">
     <intent-filter>
         <action android:name="SMS_SENT"/>
         <action android:name="SMS_DELIVERED"/>
      </intent-filter>
 </receiver>

//JAVA

public class SMSUtils extends BroadcastReceiver {

    public static final String SENT_SMS_ACTION_NAME = "SMS_SENT";
    public static final String DELIVERED_SMS_ACTION_NAME = "SMS_DELIVERED";

    @Override
    public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) {
        //Detect l'envoie de sms
        if (intent.getAction().equals(SENT_SMS_ACTION_NAME)) {
            switch (getResultCode()) {
                case Activity.RESULT_OK: // Sms sent
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_send), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
                case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_GENERIC_FAILURE: // generic failure
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_not_send), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
                case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_NO_SERVICE: // No service
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_not_send_no_service), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
                case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_NULL_PDU: // null pdu
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_not_send), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
                case SmsManager.RESULT_ERROR_RADIO_OFF: //Radio off
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_not_send_no_radio), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
            }
        }
        //detect la reception d'un sms
        else if (intent.getAction().equals(DELIVERED_SMS_ACTION_NAME)) {
            switch (getResultCode()) {
                case Activity.RESULT_OK:
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_receive), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
                case Activity.RESULT_CANCELED:
                    Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.sms_not_receive), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                    break;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Test if device can send SMS
     * @param context
     * @return
     */
    public static boolean canSendSMS(Context context) {
        return context.getPackageManager().hasSystemFeature(PackageManager.FEATURE_TELEPHONY);
    }

    public static void sendSMS(final Context context, String phoneNumber, String message) {

        if (!canSendSMS(context)) {
            Toast.makeText(context, context.getString(R.string.cannot_send_sms), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            return;
        }

        PendingIntent sentPI = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(context, 0, new Intent(SENT_SMS_ACTION_NAME), 0);
        PendingIntent deliveredPI = PendingIntent.getBroadcast(context, 0, new Intent(DELIVERED_SMS_ACTION_NAME), 0);

        final SMSUtils smsUtils = new SMSUtils();
        //register for sending and delivery
        context.registerReceiver(smsUtils, new IntentFilter(SMSUtils.SENT_SMS_ACTION_NAME));
        context.registerReceiver(smsUtils, new IntentFilter(DELIVERED_SMS_ACTION_NAME));

        SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
        ArrayList<String> parts = sms.divideMessage(message);

        ArrayList<PendingIntent> sendList = new ArrayList<>();
        sendList.add(sentPI);

        ArrayList<PendingIntent> deliverList = new ArrayList<>();
        deliverList.add(deliveredPI);

        sms.sendMultipartTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, parts, sendList, deliverList);

        //we unsubscribed in 10 seconds 
        new Handler().postDelayed(new Runnable() {
            @Override
            public void run() {
                context.unregisterReceiver(smsUtils);
            }
        }, 10000);

    }
}

Answer:

String phoneNumber = "0123456789";
String message = "Hello World!";

SmsManager smsManager = SmsManager.getDefault();
smsManager.sendTextMessage(phoneNumber, null, message, null, null);

Include the following permission in your AndroidManifest.xml file

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS" />

Answer:

Some of what is explained above is meant only for placing an SMS in a ‘ready to launch’ state.
as Senthil Mg said you can use sms manager to send the sms directly but SMSManager has been moved to android.telephony.SmsManager

I know it’s not a lot of more info, but it might help someone some day.

Answer:

Hope this can help u …

Filename = MainActivity.java

import android.os.Bundle;
import android.app.Activity;
import android.telephony.SmsManager;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.inputmethod.InputMethodManager;
import android.widget.*;
import android.view.View.OnClickListener;
import android.view.*;


public class MainActivity extends Activity implements OnClickListener{


  Button click;
  EditText txt;
  TextView txtvw;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    click = (Button)findViewById(R.id.button);
    txt = (EditText)findViewById(R.id.editText);
    txtvw = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.textView1);

    click.setOnClickListener(this);
}

@Override
public void onClick(View v){


    txt.setText("");
    v = this.getCurrentFocus();

    try{
        SmsManager sms = SmsManager.getDefault();
        sms.sendTextMessage("8017891398",null,"Sent from Android",null,null);
    }
    catch(Exception e){
        txtvw.setText("Message not sent!");
    }
    if(v != null){
        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager)getSystemService(INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(v.getWindowToken(),0);
    }

}

@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
    // Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
    getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.main, menu);
    return true;
  }

}

add this line in AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS" />

enter image description here

Answer:

This allows to send text message through existing app. phoneNumber – is String. If you do not wish to specify phone number, use empty string “”.

Intent sendIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, Uri.fromParts("smsto", phoneNumber, null));
sendIntent.putExtra("sms_body", "text message");
startActivity(sendIntent);

Answer:

Send SMS from KitKat and above:-
ADD this permission in your AndroidManifest.xml

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>

You should have to also implement the runtime permission for Marshmallow and Above Version.

AndroidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.defaultmessanginggit">

    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.SEND_SMS"/>

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity
            android:name=".ConversationListActivity"
            android:label="@string/app_name" >
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
        <activity
            android:name=".ComposeSMSActivity"
            android:label="@string/title_activity_compose_sms" >
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

The code which will be the given below:-

activity_conversation_list.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <Button
        android:id="@+id/btn_send_msg"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:text="Message" />
</LinearLayout> 

ConversationListActivity.java

public class ConversationListActivity extends FragmentActivity {

    /**
     * Whether or not the activity is in two-pane mode, i.e. running on a tablet
     * device.
     */
    private int PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_RECEIVE_SMS = 130;
    private Button btn_send_sms;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_conversation_list);

        btn_send_sms = (Button) findViewById(R.id.btn_send_msg);

        btn_send_sms.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View view) {

                int hasSendSMSPermission = 0;
                if (android.os.Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= android.os.Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
                    hasSendSMSPermission = checkSelfPermission(Manifest.permission.SEND_SMS);
                    if (hasSendSMSPermission != PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                        requestPermissions(new String[]{Manifest.permission.SEND_SMS},
                                PERMISSIONS_REQUEST_RECEIVE_SMS);
                    } else if (hasSendSMSPermission == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED) {
                        Intent intent = new Intent(ConversationListActivity.this, ComposeSMSActivity.class);
                        startActivity(intent);
                    }
                }else{
                    Intent intent = new Intent(ConversationListActivity.this, ComposeSMSActivity.class);
                    startActivity(intent);
                }
            }
        });
    }
}

This is code for sms layout and for sending SMS:-

activity_compose_sms.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical">

    <FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:id="@+id/container"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        tools:ignore="MergeRootFrame" />
</LinearLayout>

fragment_compose_sms.xml

<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingLeft="16dp"
    android:paddingRight="16dp"
    android:paddingTop="16dp"
    android:paddingBottom="16dp">

    <LinearLayout
        android:orientation="vertical"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
        android:layout_alignParentStart="true">

        <LinearLayout
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/compose_to"
                android:id="@+id/textView"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />

            <EditText
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:inputType="phone"
                android:ems="10"
                android:id="@+id/composeEditTextTo" />
        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">
            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/compose_message"
                android:id="@+id/textView2"
                android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />

            <EditText
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:inputType="textMultiLine"
                android:ems="10"
                android:id="@+id/composeEditTextMessage"
                android:layout_weight="1" />

        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:orientation="horizontal"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content">

            <Button
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/compose_cancel"
                android:id="@+id/composeButtonCancel" />

            <Button
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/compose_send"
                android:id="@+id/composeButtonSend" />
        </LinearLayout>

        <LinearLayout
            android:orientation="vertical"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:paddingTop="10dp"
            android:id="@+id/composeNotDefault"
            android:visibility="invisible">

            <TextView
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:textAppearance="?android:attr/textAppearanceMedium"
                android:text="@string/compose_not_default"
                android:id="@id/composeNotDefault" />

            <Button
                android:layout_width="wrap_content"
                android:layout_height="wrap_content"
                android:text="@string/compose_set_default"
                android:id="@+id/composeButtonSetDefault" />
        </LinearLayout>


    </LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

ComposeSMSActivity.java

public class ComposeSMSActivity extends Activity {

    Activity mActivity;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_compose_sms);

        mActivity = this;

        if (savedInstanceState == null) {
            getFragmentManager().beginTransaction()
                    .add(R.id.container, new PlaceholderFragment())
                    .commit();
        }

        getActionBar().setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);

    }

    public static class PlaceholderFragment extends Fragment {

        public PlaceholderFragment() {
        }

        @Override
        public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
                                 Bundle savedInstanceState) {
            final View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_compose_sms, container, false);

            rootView.findViewById(R.id.composeButtonCancel).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onClick(View v) {
                    NavUtils.navigateUpTo(getActivity(), new Intent(getActivity(), ConversationListActivity.class));
                }
            });

            rootView.findViewById(R.id.composeButtonSend).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
                @Override
                public void onClick(View v) {
                    String recipient = ((TextView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.composeEditTextTo)).getText().toString();
                    String message = ((TextView) rootView.findViewById(R.id.composeEditTextMessage)).getText().toString();

                    SmsManager smsManager = SmsManager.getDefault();
                    smsManager.sendTextMessage(recipient, "ME", message, null, null);
                }
            });

            return rootView;
        }
    }
}

That’s it.

Answer:

You can use this to send sms to any number:

 public void sendsms(View view) {
        String phoneNumber = "+880xxxxxxxxxx";
        String message = "Welcome to sms";
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse("sms:" + phoneNumber));
        intent.putExtra("sms_body", message);
        startActivity(intent);
    }