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Soft keyboard open and close listener in an activity in Android

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have an Activity where there are 5 EditTexts. When the user clicks on the first EditText, the soft keyboard opens to enter some value in it. I want to set some other View‘s visibility to Gone when the soft keyboard opens and also when the user clicks on the first EditText and also when the soft keyboard closes from the same EditText on the back button press. Then I want to set some other View‘s visibility to visible.

Is there any listener or callback or any hack for when the soft keyboard opens from a click on the first EditText in Android?

How to&Answers:

This only works when android:windowSoftInputMode of your activity is set to adjustResize in the manifest. You can use a layout listener to see if the root layout of your activity is resized by the keyboard.

I use something like the following base class for my activities:

public class BaseActivity extends Activity {
    private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener keyboardLayoutListener = new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            int heightDiff = rootLayout.getRootView().getHeight() - rootLayout.getHeight();
            int contentViewTop = getWindow().findViewById(Window.ID_ANDROID_CONTENT).getTop();

            LocalBroadcastManager broadcastManager = LocalBroadcastManager.getInstance(BaseActivity.this);

            if(heightDiff <= contentViewTop){
                onHideKeyboard();

                Intent intent = new Intent("KeyboardWillHide");
                broadcastManager.sendBroadcast(intent);
            } else {
                int keyboardHeight = heightDiff - contentViewTop;
                onShowKeyboard(keyboardHeight);

                Intent intent = new Intent("KeyboardWillShow");
                intent.putExtra("KeyboardHeight", keyboardHeight);
                broadcastManager.sendBroadcast(intent);
            }
        }
    };

    private boolean keyboardListenersAttached = false;
    private ViewGroup rootLayout;

    protected void onShowKeyboard(int keyboardHeight) {}
    protected void onHideKeyboard() {}

    protected void attachKeyboardListeners() {
        if (keyboardListenersAttached) {
            return;
        }

        rootLayout = (ViewGroup) findViewById(R.id.rootLayout);
        rootLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(keyboardLayoutListener);

        keyboardListenersAttached = true;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();

        if (keyboardListenersAttached) {
            rootLayout.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(keyboardLayoutListener);
        }
    }
}

The following example activity uses this to hide a view when the keyboard is shown and show it again when the keyboard is hidden.

The xml layout:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
              android:id="@+id/rootLayout"
              android:layout_width="match_parent"
              android:layout_height="match_parent"
              android:orientation="vertical">              

    <ScrollView
        android:id="@+id/scrollView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        >

        <!-- omitted for brevity -->

    </ScrollView>

    <LinearLayout android:id="@+id/bottomContainer"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:orientation="vertical"
        >

        <!-- omitted for brevity -->

    </LinearLayout>

</LinearLayout>

And the activity:

public class TestActivity extends BaseActivity {
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.test_activity);

        attachKeyboardListeners();
    }

    @Override
    protected void onShowKeyboard(int keyboardHeight) {
        // do things when keyboard is shown
        bottomContainer.setVisibility(View.GONE);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onHideKeyboard() {
        // do things when keyboard is hidden
        bottomContainer.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
    }        
}

Answer:

Piece of cake with the awesome
KeyboardVisibilityEvent library

KeyboardVisibilityEvent.setEventListener(
    getActivity(),
    new KeyboardVisibilityEventListener() {
        @Override
        public void onVisibilityChanged(boolean isOpen) {
            // write your code
        }
    });

Credits for Yasuhiro SHIMIZU

Answer:

As Vikram pointed out in the comments, detecting whether the softkeyboard is shown or has disappeared is only possible with some ugly hacks.

Maybe it is enough to set a focus listener on the edittext:

yourEditText.setOnFocusChangeListener(new OnFocusChangeListener() {
@Override
public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
        if (hasFocus) {
            //got focus
        } else {
            //lost focus
        }
   }
});

Answer:

For Activity:

    final View activityRootView = findViewById(R.id.activityRoot);
activityRootView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
                Rect r = new Rect();

                activityRootView.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(r);

                int heightDiff = view.getRootView().getHeight() - (r.bottom - r.top);
                if (heightDiff > 100) { 
                 //enter your code here
                }else{
                 //enter code for hid
                }
            }
        });

For Fragment:

    view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.live_chat_fragment, null);
view.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
                Rect r = new Rect();
                //r will be populated with the coordinates of your view that area still visible.
                view.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(r);

                int heightDiff = view.getRootView().getHeight() - (r.bottom - r.top);
                if (heightDiff > 500) { // if more than 100 pixels, its probably a keyboard...

                }
            }
        });

Answer:

Jaap’s answer won’t work for AppCompatActivity. Instead get the height of the Status Bar and Navigation bar etc and compare to your app’s window size.

Like so:

    private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener keyboardLayoutListener = new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
    @Override
    public void onGlobalLayout() {
        // navigation bar height
        int navigationBarHeight = 0;
        int resourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("navigation_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
        if (resourceId > 0) {
            navigationBarHeight = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
        }

        // status bar height
        int statusBarHeight = 0;
        resourceId = getResources().getIdentifier("status_bar_height", "dimen", "android");
        if (resourceId > 0) {
            statusBarHeight = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(resourceId);
        }

        // display window size for the app layout
        Rect rect = new Rect();
        getWindow().getDecorView().getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(rect);

        // screen height - (user app height + status + nav) ..... if non-zero, then there is a soft keyboard
        int keyboardHeight = rootLayout.getRootView().getHeight() - (statusBarHeight + navigationBarHeight + rect.height());

        if (keyboardHeight <= 0) {
            onHideKeyboard();
        } else {
            onShowKeyboard(keyboardHeight);
        }
    }
};

Answer:

You can try it:

private void initKeyBoardListener() {
    // Минимальное значение клавиатуры. 
    // Threshold for minimal keyboard height.
    final int MIN_KEYBOARD_HEIGHT_PX = 150;
    // Окно верхнего уровня view. 
    // Top-level window decor view.
    final View decorView = getWindow().getDecorView();
    // Регистрируем глобальный слушатель. Register global layout listener.
    decorView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
        // Видимый прямоугольник внутри окна. 
        // Retrieve visible rectangle inside window.
        private final Rect windowVisibleDisplayFrame = new Rect();
        private int lastVisibleDecorViewHeight;

        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            decorView.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(windowVisibleDisplayFrame);
            final int visibleDecorViewHeight = windowVisibleDisplayFrame.height();

            if (lastVisibleDecorViewHeight != 0) {
                if (lastVisibleDecorViewHeight > visibleDecorViewHeight + MIN_KEYBOARD_HEIGHT_PX) {
                    Log.d("Pasha", "SHOW");
                } else if (lastVisibleDecorViewHeight + MIN_KEYBOARD_HEIGHT_PX < visibleDecorViewHeight) {
                    Log.d("Pasha", "HIDE");
                }
            }
            // Сохраняем текущую высоту view до следующего вызова.
            // Save current decor view height for the next call.
            lastVisibleDecorViewHeight = visibleDecorViewHeight;
        }
    });
}

Answer:

You can use my Rx extension function (Kotlin).

/**
 * @return [Observable] to subscribe of keyboard visibility changes.
 */
fun AppCompatActivity.keyboardVisibilityChanges(): Observable<Boolean> {

    // flag indicates whether keyboard is open
    var isKeyboardOpen = false

    val notifier: BehaviorSubject<Boolean> = BehaviorSubject.create()

    // approximate keyboard height
    val approximateKeyboardHeight = dip(100)

    // device screen height
    val screenHeight: Int = getScreenHeight()

    val visibleDisplayFrame = Rect()

    val viewTreeObserver = window.decorView.viewTreeObserver

    val onDrawListener = ViewTreeObserver.OnDrawListener {

        window.decorView.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(visibleDisplayFrame)

        val keyboardHeight = screenHeight - (visibleDisplayFrame.bottom - visibleDisplayFrame.top)

        val keyboardOpen = keyboardHeight >= approximateKeyboardHeight

        val hasChanged = isKeyboardOpen xor keyboardOpen

        if (hasChanged) {
            isKeyboardOpen = keyboardOpen
            notifier.onNext(keyboardOpen)
        }
    }

    val lifeCycleObserver = object : GenericLifecycleObserver {
        override fun onStateChanged(source: LifecycleOwner, event: Lifecycle.Event?) {
            if (source.lifecycle.currentState == Lifecycle.State.DESTROYED) {
                viewTreeObserver.removeOnDrawListener(onDrawListener)
                source.lifecycle.removeObserver(this)
                notifier.onComplete()
            }
        }
    }

    viewTreeObserver.addOnDrawListener(onDrawListener)
    lifecycle.addObserver(lifeCycleObserver)

    return notifier
            .doOnDispose {
                viewTreeObserver.removeOnDrawListener(onDrawListener)
                lifecycle.removeObserver(lifeCycleObserver)
            }
            .onTerminateDetach()
            .hide()
}

Example:

(context as AppCompatActivity)
                    .keyboardVisibilityChanges()
                    .subscribeBy { isKeyboardOpen ->
                        // your logic
                    }

Answer:

If you can, try to extend EditText and override ‘onKeyPreIme’ method.

@Override
public void setOnEditorActionListener(final OnEditorActionListener listener) {
    mEditorListener = listener; //keep it for later usage
    super.setOnEditorActionListener(listener);
}

@Override
public boolean onKeyPreIme(final int keyCode, final KeyEvent event) {
    if (event.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK && event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_UP) {
        if (mEditorListener != null) {
            //you can define and use custom listener,
            //OR define custom R.id.<imeId>
            //OR check event.keyCode in listener impl
            //* I used editor action because of ButterKnife @
            mEditorListener.onEditorAction(this, android.R.id.closeButton, event);
        }
    }
    return super.onKeyPreIme(keyCode, event);
}

How can you extend it:

  1. Implement onFocus listening and declare ‘onKeyboardShown’
  2. declare ‘onKeyboardHidden’

I think, that recalculating of screen height is not 100% successfully as mentioned before.
To be clear, overriding of ‘onKeyPreIme’ is not called on ‘hide soft keyboard programatically’ methods, BUT if you are doing it anywhere, you should do ‘onKeyboardHidden’ logic there and do not create a comprehensive solutions.

Answer:

The below code is working for me,

mainLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
        @Override
        public void onGlobalLayout() {
            if (mainLayout != null) {
                int heightDiff = mainLayout.getRootView().getHeight() - mainLayout.getHeight();
                if (heightDiff > dpToPx(getActivity(), 200)) { 
                   //keyboard is open
                } else {
                   //keyboard is hide
                }
            }
        }
    });

Answer:

You can handle keyboard visibility by overriding two methods in your Activity: onKeyUp() and onKeyDown() more information in this link: https://developer.android.com/training/keyboard-input/commands

Answer:

Use this class,

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.concurrent.atomic.AtomicBoolean;

import android.os.Handler;
import android.os.Message;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.view.inputmethod.InputMethodManager;
import android.widget.EditText;

public class SoftKeyboard implements View.OnFocusChangeListener
{
private static final int CLEAR_FOCUS = 0;

private ViewGroup layout;
private int layoutBottom;
private InputMethodManager im;
private int[] coords;
private boolean isKeyboardShow;
private SoftKeyboardChangesThread softKeyboardThread;
private List<EditText> editTextList;

private View tempView; // reference to a focused EditText

public SoftKeyboard(ViewGroup layout, InputMethodManager im)
{
    this.layout = layout;
    keyboardHideByDefault();
    initEditTexts(layout);
    this.im = im;
    this.coords = new int[2];
    this.isKeyboardShow = false;
    this.softKeyboardThread = new SoftKeyboardChangesThread();
    this.softKeyboardThread.start();
}

public void openSoftKeyboard()
{
    if(!isKeyboardShow)
    {
        layoutBottom = getLayoutCoordinates();
        im.toggleSoftInput(0, InputMethodManager.SHOW_IMPLICIT);
        softKeyboardThread.keyboardOpened();
        isKeyboardShow = true;
    }
}

public void closeSoftKeyboard()
{
    if(isKeyboardShow)
    {
        im.toggleSoftInput(InputMethodManager.HIDE_IMPLICIT_ONLY, 0);
        isKeyboardShow = false;
    }
}

public void setSoftKeyboardCallback(SoftKeyboardChanged mCallback)
{
    softKeyboardThread.setCallback(mCallback);
}

public void unRegisterSoftKeyboardCallback()
{
    softKeyboardThread.stopThread();
}

public interface SoftKeyboardChanged 
{
    public void onSoftKeyboardHide();
    public void onSoftKeyboardShow();   
}

private int getLayoutCoordinates()
{
    layout.getLocationOnScreen(coords);
    return coords[1] + layout.getHeight();
}

private void keyboardHideByDefault()
{
    layout.setFocusable(true);
    layout.setFocusableInTouchMode(true);
}

/*
 * InitEditTexts now handles EditTexts in nested views
 * Thanks to Francesco Verheye ([email protected])
 */
private void initEditTexts(ViewGroup viewgroup) 
{
    if(editTextList == null)
        editTextList = new ArrayList<EditText>();

    int childCount = viewgroup.getChildCount();
    for(int i=0; i<= childCount-1;i++) 
    {
        View v = viewgroup.getChildAt(i);

        if(v instanceof ViewGroup) 
        {
            initEditTexts((ViewGroup) v);
        }

        if(v instanceof EditText) 
        {
            EditText editText = (EditText) v;
            editText.setOnFocusChangeListener(this);
            editText.setCursorVisible(true);
            editTextList.add(editText);
        }
    }
}

/*
 * OnFocusChange does update tempView correctly now when keyboard is still shown
 * Thanks to Israel Dominguez ([email protected])
 */
@Override
public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) 
{
    if(hasFocus) 
    {
        tempView = v;
        if(!isKeyboardShow) 
        {
            layoutBottom = getLayoutCoordinates();
            softKeyboardThread.keyboardOpened();
            isKeyboardShow = true;
        }
    }
}

// This handler will clear focus of selected EditText
private final Handler mHandler = new Handler()
{
    @Override
    public void handleMessage(Message m)
    {
        switch(m.what)
        {
        case CLEAR_FOCUS:
            if(tempView != null)
            {
                tempView.clearFocus();
                tempView = null;
            }
            break;
        }
    }
};

private class SoftKeyboardChangesThread extends Thread
{
    private AtomicBoolean started;
    private SoftKeyboardChanged mCallback;

    public SoftKeyboardChangesThread()
    {
        started = new AtomicBoolean(true);
    }

    public void setCallback(SoftKeyboardChanged mCallback)
    {
        this.mCallback = mCallback;
    }

    @Override
    public void run()
    {
        while(started.get())
        {
            // Wait until keyboard is requested to open
            synchronized(this)
            {
                try 
                {
                    wait();
                } catch (InterruptedException e) 
                {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }

            int currentBottomLocation = getLayoutCoordinates();

            // There is some lag between open soft-keyboard function and when it really appears.
            while(currentBottomLocation == layoutBottom && started.get())
            {
                currentBottomLocation = getLayoutCoordinates();
            }

            if(started.get())
                mCallback.onSoftKeyboardShow();

            // When keyboard is opened from EditText, initial bottom location is greater than layoutBottom
            // and at some moment equals layoutBottom.
            // That broke the previous logic, so I added this new loop to handle this.
            while(currentBottomLocation >= layoutBottom && started.get())
            {
                currentBottomLocation = getLayoutCoordinates();
            }

            // Now Keyboard is shown, keep checking layout dimensions until keyboard is gone
            while(currentBottomLocation != layoutBottom && started.get())
            {
                                    synchronized(this)
                {
                    try 
                    {
                        wait(500);
                    } catch (InterruptedException e) 
                    {
                        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                        e.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
                currentBottomLocation = getLayoutCoordinates();
            }

            if(started.get())
                mCallback.onSoftKeyboardHide();

            // if keyboard has been opened clicking and EditText.
            if(isKeyboardShow && started.get())
                isKeyboardShow = false;

            // if an EditText is focused, remove its focus (on UI thread)
            if(started.get())
                mHandler.obtainMessage(CLEAR_FOCUS).sendToTarget();
        }   
    }

    public void keyboardOpened()
    {
        synchronized(this)
        {
            notify();
        }
    }

    public void stopThread()
    {
        synchronized(this)
        {
            started.set(false);
            notify();
        }
    }

}
}

In Android Manifest, android:windowSoftInputMode="adjustResize" is necessary.

/*
Somewhere else in your code
*/
RelativeLayout mainLayout = findViewById(R.layout.main_layout); // You must use the layout root
InputMethodManager im = (InputMethodManager)getSystemService(Service.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);

/*
Instantiate and pass a callback
*/
SoftKeyboard softKeyboard;
softKeyboard = new SoftKeyboard(mainLayout, im);
softKeyboard.setSoftKeyboardCallback(new SoftKeyboard.SoftKeyboardChanged() {

@Override
public void onSoftKeyboardHide()  {
    // Code here
}

@Override
public void onSoftKeyboardShow() {
    // Code here
}   
});

/*
Open or close the soft keyboard easily
*/
softKeyboard.openSoftKeyboard();
softKeyboard.closeSoftKeyboard();

/* Prevent memory leaks:*/
@Override
public void onDestroy() {
    super.onDestroy();
    softKeyboard.unRegisterSoftKeyboardCallback();
}

P.S – Completely taken from here.

Answer:

For the case of adjustResize and FragmentActivity accepted solution from @Jaap doesn’t work for me.

Here is my solution:

private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener keyboardLayoutListener = new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
    private int contentDiff;
    private int rootHeight;
    @Override
    public void onGlobalLayout() {
        View contentView = getWindow().findViewById(Window.ID_ANDROID_CONTENT);
        if (rootHeight != mDrawerLayout.getRootView().getHeight()) {
            rootHeight = mDrawerLayout.getRootView().getHeight();
            contentDiff = rootHeight - contentView.getHeight();
            return;
        }
        int newContentDiff = rootHeight - contentView.getHeight();
        if (contentDiff != newContentDiff) {
            if (contentDiff < newContentDiff) {
                onShowKeyboard(newContentDiff - contentDiff);
            } else {
                onHideKeyboard();
            }
            contentDiff = newContentDiff;
        }
    }
};

Answer:

A different approach would be to check when the user stopped typing…

When a TextEdit is in focus (user is/was typing) you could hide the views (focus listener)

and use a Handler + Runnable and a text change listener to close the keyboard (regardless of its visibility) and show the views after some delay.

The main thing to look out for would be the delay you use, which would depend on the content of these TextEdits.

Handler timeoutHandler = new Handler();
Runnable typingRunnable = new Runnable() {
    public void run() {
        // current TextEdit
        View view = getCurrentFocus();

        InputMethodManager imm = (InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE);
        // reset focus
        view.clearFocus();
        // close keyboard (whether its open or not)
        imm.hideSoftInputFromWindow(view.getWindowToken(), InputMethodManager.RESULT_UNCHANGED_SHOWN);

        // SET VIEWS VISIBLE
    }
};

editText.setOnFocusChangeListener(new View.OnFocusChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
        if (hasFocus) {
            // SET VIEWS GONE

            // reset handler
            timeoutHandler.removeCallbacks(typingRunnable);
            timeoutHandler.postDelayed(typingRunnable, TYPING_TIMEOUT);
        }
    }
});

editText.addTextChangedListener(new TextWatcher() {
    @Override
    public void beforeTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int count, int after) {}

    @Override
    public void onTextChanged(CharSequence s, int start, int before, int count) {
        // Reset Handler...
        timeoutHandler.removeCallbacks(typingRunnable);
    }

    @Override
    public void afterTextChanged(Editable s) {
        // Reset Handler Cont.
        if (editText.getText().toString().trim().length() > 0) {
            timeoutHandler.postDelayed(typingRunnable, TYPING_TIMEOUT);
        }
    }
});

Answer:

This code works great nice

use this class for root view:

public class KeyboardConstraintLayout extends ConstraintLayout {

private KeyboardListener keyboardListener;
private EditText targetEditText;
private int minKeyboardHeight;
private boolean isShow;

public KeyboardConstraintLayout(Context context) {
    super(context);
    minKeyboardHeight = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.keyboard_min_height); //128dp
}

public KeyboardConstraintLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
    super(context, attrs);
    minKeyboardHeight = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.keyboard_min_height); // 128dp
}

public KeyboardConstraintLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) {
    super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr);
    minKeyboardHeight = getResources().getDimensionPixelSize(R.dimen.keyboard_min_height); // 128dp
}

@Override
protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) {
    if (!isInEditMode()) {
        Activity activity = (Activity) getContext();
        @SuppressLint("DrawAllocation")
        Rect rect = new Rect();
        getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(rect);

        int statusBarHeight = rect.top;
        int keyboardHeight = activity.getWindowManager().getDefaultDisplay().getHeight() - (rect.bottom - rect.top) - statusBarHeight;

        if (keyboardListener != null && targetEditText != null && targetEditText.isFocused()) {
            if (keyboardHeight > minKeyboardHeight) {
                if (!isShow) {
                    isShow = true;
                    keyboardListener.onKeyboardVisibility(true);
                }
            }else {
                if (isShow) {
                    isShow = false;
                    keyboardListener.onKeyboardVisibility(false);
                }
            }
        }
    }
    super.onMeasure(widthMeasureSpec, heightMeasureSpec);
}

public boolean isShowKeyboard() {
    return isShow;
}

public void setKeyboardListener(EditText targetEditText, KeyboardListener keyboardListener) {
    this.targetEditText = targetEditText;
    this.keyboardListener = keyboardListener;
}

public interface KeyboardListener {
    void onKeyboardVisibility (boolean isVisible);
}

}

and set keyboard listener in activity or fragment:

        rootLayout.setKeyboardListener(targetEditText, new KeyboardConstraintLayout.KeyboardListener() {
        @Override
        public void onKeyboardVisibility(boolean isVisible) {

        }
    });

Answer:

public class MainActivity extends BaseActivity {
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.mainactivity);
    attachKeyboardListeners();
    ....
    yourEditText1.setOnFocusChangeListener(new OnFocusChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
            if (hasFocus) {
                yourEditText2.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                yourEditText3.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                yourEditText4.setVisibility(View.GONE);
                yourEditText5.setVisibility(View.GONE);
            } else {
                yourEditText2.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                yourEditText3.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                yourEditText4.setVisibility(View.VISIBLE);
                yourEditText5.setVisibility(VISIBLE);
            }
       }
    });
    }
}

Answer:

Unfortunately I do not have a sufficiently high reputation to comment on Jaap van Hengstum’s answer. But I read a few comments of people, having the problem that contentViewTop is always 0 and that onShowKeyboard(...) is always called.

I had the same issue and figured out the problem I had. I used an AppCompatActivity instead of a ‘normal’ Activity. In this case Window.ID_ANDROID_CONTENT refers to an ContentFrameLayout and not to the FrameLayout with the right top-value. In my case it was fine to use the ‘normal’ Activity, if you have to use another activity-type (I just tested the AppCompatActivity, maybe it’s also an issue with other acitivy-types like the FragmentActivity), you have to access the FrameLayout, which is an ancestor of the ContentFrameLayout.

Answer:

when keyboard show

rootLayout.getHeight() < rootLayout.getRootView().getHeight() - getStatusBarHeight() 

is true,else hide

Answer:

private boolean isKeyboardShown = false;
private int prevContentHeight = 0;
private ViewGroup contentLayout;

private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener keyboardLayoutListener =
        new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {

    @Override
    public void onGlobalLayout() {
        int contentHeight = contentLayout.getHeight();
        int rootViewHeight = contentLayout.getRootView().getHeight();

        if (contentHeight > 0) {

            if (!isKeyboardShown) {
                if (contentHeight < prevContentHeight) {
                    isKeyboardShown = true;
                    onShowKeyboard(rootViewHeight - contentHeight);
                }
            } else {
                if (contentHeight > prevContentHeight) {
                    isKeyboardShown = false;
                    onHideKeyboard();
                }
            }

            prevContentHeight = contentHeight;
        }
    }
};

I’ve modified the Jaap’s accepted answer a bit. But in my case, there are few assumptions such as android:windowSoftInputMode=adjustResize and the keyboard does not show up at the beginning when the app starts. And also, I assume that the screen in regard matches the parent’s height.

contentHeight > 0 this check provides me to know if the regarding screen is hidden or shown to apply keyboard event listening for this specific screen. Also I pass the layout view of the regarding screen in attachKeyboardListeners(<your layout view here>) in my main activity’s onCreate() method. Every time when the height of the regarding screen changes, I save it to prevContentHeight variable to check later whether the keyboard is shown or hidden.

For me, so far it’s been worked pretty well. I hope that it works for others too.

Answer:

“Jaap van Hengstum”‘s answer is working for me, but there is no need to set “android:windowSoftInputMode” as he just said!

I’ve made it smaller(it now just detects what I want, actually an event on showing and hiding of keyboard):

private ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener keyboardLayoutListener = new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
    @Override
    public void onGlobalLayout() {
        int heightDiff = rootLayout.getRootView().getHeight() - rootLayout.getHeight();
        int contentViewTop = getWindow().findViewById(Window.ID_ANDROID_CONTENT).getTop();
        if(heightDiff <= contentViewTop){
            onHideKeyboard();
        } else {
            onShowKeyboard();
        }
    }
};

private boolean keyboardListenersAttached = false;
private ViewGroup rootLayout;

protected void onShowKeyboard() {}
protected void onHideKeyboard() {}

protected void attachKeyboardListeners() {
    if (keyboardListenersAttached) {
        return;
    }

    rootLayout = (ViewGroup) findViewById(R.id.CommentsActivity);
    rootLayout.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(keyboardLayoutListener);

    keyboardListenersAttached = true;
}

@Override
protected void onDestroy() {
    super.onDestroy();

    if (keyboardListenersAttached) {
        rootLayout.getViewTreeObserver().removeGlobalOnLayoutListener(keyboardLayoutListener);
    }
}

and just don’t forget to add this

protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_comments);
    attachKeyboardListeners();}

Answer:

This will work without any need to change your activity’s android:windowSoftInputMode

step 1: extend EditText class and override these two:

@Override
public void setOnEditorActionListener(final OnEditorActionListener listener) {
    mEditorListener = listener;
    super.setOnEditorActionListener(listener);
}

@Override
public boolean onKeyPreIme(final int keyCode, final KeyEvent event) {
    if (event.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK && event.getAction() == KeyEvent.ACTION_UP) {
        if (mEditorListener != null) {
            mEditorListener.onEditorAction(this, android.R.id.closeButton, event);
        }
    }
    return super.onKeyPreIme(keyCode, event);
}

step 2: create these two in your activity:

private void initKeyboard() {
    final AppEditText editText = findViewById(R.id.some_id);
    editText.setOnFocusChangeListener(new OnFocusChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onFocusChange(View v, boolean hasFocus) {
            setKeyboard(hasFocus);
        }
    });
    editText.setOnEditorActionListener(new TextView.OnEditorActionListener() {
        @Override
        public boolean onEditorAction(TextView v, int actionId, KeyEvent event) {
            if (event == null || event.getKeyCode() == KeyEvent.KEYCODE_BACK) {
                editText.clearFocus();
            }
            return false;
        }
    });
}

public void setKeyboard(boolean isShowing) {
    // do something
}

*** remember in order to make clearFocus work, you have to make parent or first child in the parent hierarchy focusable.

    setFocusableInTouchMode(true);
    setFocusable(true);

Answer:

This is not working as desired…

… have seen many use size calculations to check …

I wanted to determine if it was open or not and I found isAcceptingText()

so this really does not answer the question as it does not address opening or closing rather more like is open or closed so it is related code that may help others in various scenarios…

in an activity

    if (((InputMethodManager) getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE)).isAcceptingText()) {
        Log.d(TAG,"Software Keyboard was shown");
    } else {
        Log.d(TAG,"Software Keyboard was not shown");
    }

in a fragment

    if (((InputMethodManager) getActivity().getSystemService(Context.INPUT_METHOD_SERVICE)).isAcceptingText()) {
        Log.d(TAG,"Software Keyboard was shown");
    } else {
        Log.d(TAG,"Software Keyboard was not shown");

    }

Answer:

check with the below code :

XML CODE :

<android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    android:id="@+id/coordinatorParent"
    style="@style/parentLayoutPaddingStyle"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

  .................


</android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout>

JAVA CODE :

//Global Variable
android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout activityRootView;
boolean isKeyboardShowing = false;
private  ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener onGlobalLayoutListener;
android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams;




 //onCreate or onViewAttached
    activityRootView = view.findViewById(R.id.coordinatorParent);
        onGlobalLayoutListener = onGlobalLayoutListener();
        activityRootView.getViewTreeObserver().addOnGlobalLayoutListener(onGlobalLayoutListener);


  //outside oncreate
  ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener onGlobalLayoutListener() {
        return new ViewTreeObserver.OnGlobalLayoutListener() {
            @Override
            public void onGlobalLayout() {
                Rect r = new Rect();
                activityRootView.getWindowVisibleDisplayFrame(r);
                int screenHeight = activityRootView.getRootView().getHeight();
                int keypadHeight = screenHeight - r.bottom;

                if (keypadHeight > screenHeight * 0.15) { // 0.15 ratio is perhaps enough to determine keypad height.
                    if (!isKeyboardShowing) {  // keyboard is opened
                        isKeyboardShowing = true;
                        onKeyboardVisibilityChanged(true);
                   }
                }
                else {
                    if (isKeyboardShowing) {   // keyboard is closed
                        isKeyboardShowing = false;
                        onKeyboardVisibilityChanged(false);
                    }
                }
            }//ends here
        };

    }


    void onKeyboardVisibilityChanged(boolean value) {
        layoutParams = (android.support.constraint.ConstraintLayout.LayoutParams)topImg.getLayoutParams();

        if(value){
           int length = (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, 90, getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
            layoutParams.height= length;
            layoutParams.width = length;
            topImg.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
            Log.i("keyboard " ,""+ value);
        }else{
            int length1 = (int) TypedValue.applyDimension(TypedValue.COMPLEX_UNIT_DIP, 175, getResources().getDisplayMetrics());
            layoutParams.height= length1;
            layoutParams.width = length1;
            topImg.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);
            Log.i("keyboard " ,""+ value);
        }
    }


    @Override
    public void onDetach() {
        super.onDetach();
        if(onGlobalLayoutListener != null) {
            activityRootView.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnGlobalLayoutListener(onGlobalLayoutListener);
        }
    }