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Specifying UDP receive buffer size at runtime in Linux

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

In Linux, one can specify the system’s default receive buffer size for network packets, say UDP, using the following commands:

sysctl -w net.core.rmem_max=<value>
sysctl -w net.core.rmem_default=<value>

But I wonder, is it possible for an application (say, in c) to override system’s defaults by specifying the receive buffer size per UDP socket in runtime?

Answers:

You can increase the value from the default, but you can’t increase it beyond the maximum value. Use setsockopt to change the SO_RCVBUF option:

int n = 1024 * 1024;
if (setsockopt(socket, SOL_SOCKET, SO_RCVBUF, &n, sizeof(n)) == -1) {
  // deal with failure, or ignore if you can live with the default size
}

Note that this is the portable solution; it should work on any POSIX platform for increasing the receive buffer size. Linux has had autotuning for a while now (since 2.6.7, and with reasonable maximum buffer sizes since 2.6.17), which automatically adjusts the receive buffer size based on load. On kernels with autotuning, it is recommended that you not set the receive buffer size using setsockopt, as that will disable the kernel’s autotuning. Using setsockopt to adjust the buffer size may still be necessary on other platforms, however.