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Spring Boot 2.5.0 and InvalidDefinitionException: Java 8 date/time type `java.time.Instant` not supported by default

Posted by: admin December 28, 2021 Leave a comment

Questions:

After update from Spring Boot 2.4.5 to Spring 2.5.0 I noticed the following exceptions in the application logs:

Caused by: com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.InvalidDefinitionException: Java 8 date/time type `java.time.Instant` not supported by default: add Module "com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype:jackson-datatype-jsr310" to enable handling (through reference chain: org.telegram.telegrambots.meta.api.objects.Update["my_chat_member"]->org.telegram.telegrambots.meta.api.objects.ChatMemberUpdated["new_chat_member"]->org.telegram.telegrambots.meta.api.objects.ChatMember["untilDateAsInstant"])
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.InvalidDefinitionException.from(InvalidDefinitionException.java:77) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.SerializerProvider.reportBadDefinition(SerializerProvider.java:1276) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.impl.UnsupportedTypeSerializer.serialize(UnsupportedTypeSerializer.java:35) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanPropertyWriter.serializeAsField(BeanPropertyWriter.java:728) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.std.BeanSerializerBase.serializeFields(BeanSerializerBase.java:770) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanSerializer.serialize(BeanSerializer.java:178) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanPropertyWriter.serializeAsField(BeanPropertyWriter.java:728) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.std.BeanSerializerBase.serializeFields(BeanSerializerBase.java:770) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanSerializer.serialize(BeanSerializer.java:178) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanPropertyWriter.serializeAsField(BeanPropertyWriter.java:728) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.std.BeanSerializerBase.serializeFields(BeanSerializerBase.java:770) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.BeanSerializer.serialize(BeanSerializer.java:178) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.DefaultSerializerProvider._serialize(DefaultSerializerProvider.java:480) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ser.DefaultSerializerProvider.serializeValue(DefaultSerializerProvider.java:319) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectWriter$Prefetch.serialize(ObjectWriter.java:1514) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectWriter._writeValueAndClose(ObjectWriter.java:1215) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectWriter.writeValue(ObjectWriter.java:1059) ~[jackson-databind-2.12.3.jar!/:2.12.3]
    at org.springframework.jms.support.converter.MappingJackson2MessageConverter.mapToTextMessage(MappingJackson2MessageConverter.java:279) ~[spring-jms-5.3.7.jar!/:5.3.7]
    at org.springframework.jms.support.converter.MappingJackson2MessageConverter.toMessage(MappingJackson2MessageConverter.java:184) ~[spring-jms-5.3.7.jar!/:5.3.7]
    ... 37 common frames omitted

this is my pom.xml:

    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.datatype</groupId>
        <artifactId>jackson-datatype-jsr310</artifactId>
    </dependency>

    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
        <artifactId>jackson-core</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
        <artifactId>jackson-annotations</artifactId>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
        <artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
    </dependency>

I reverted to Spring Boot 2.4.5 and not everything works fine. What may be wrong with Spring Boot 2.5.0 ?

Updated

The corresponding GitHub https://github.com/spring-projects/spring-boot/issues/26859

Answers:

I saw an issue in one of my test classes. The problem there was it was creating a new ObjectMapper instance that was not adding the JavaTimeModule.

Here is a sample test that works in Spring 2.4.5 but fails in 2.5.0/2.5.1 with com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.exc.InvalidDefinitionException: Java 8 date/time type java.time.ZonedDateTime not supported by default

It might be due to the upgrade in the jackson-datatype-jsr310 version

package net.jpmchase.gti.gtfabric;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.jupiter.api.Test;

import java.time.ZonedDateTime;

public class ObjectMapperTest {

    @Test
    public void objectMapperTest() throws Exception{

        ZonedDateTime time = ZonedDateTime.now();
        ObjectMapper o = new ObjectMapper();
        o.writeValueAsString(time);
    }
}

To fix this particular test case had to add an explicit

ObjectMapper o = new ObjectMapper();
o.registerModule(new JavaTimeModule()); 

###

Perhaps you are not using in your code Object Mapper provided by spring.

Wrong way:

ObjectMapper o = new ObjectMapper();

Correct way:

@Autowired
Jackson2ObjectMapperBuilder mapperBuilder;

ObjectMapper mapper = mapperBuilder.build();