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Strip HTML tags and its contents

Posted by: admin February 12, 2018 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m using DOM to parse string. I need function that strips span tags and its contents. For example, if I have:

This is some text that contains photo.
<span class='title'> photobyile</span>

I would like function to return

This is some text that contains photo.

This is what I tried:

    $dom = new domDocument;
    $dom->loadHTML($string);
    $dom->preserveWhiteSpace = false;
    $spans = $dom->getElementsByTagName('span');

    foreach($spans as $span)
    {
        $naslov = $span->nodeValue; 
        echo $naslov;

        $string = preg_replace("/$naslov/", " ", $string);
    }

I’m aware that $span->nodeValue returns value of span tag and not whole tag, but I don’t know how to get whole tag, together with class name.

Thanks,
Ile

Answers:

Try removing the spans directly from the DOM tree.

$dom = new DOMDocument();
$dom->loadHTML($string);
$dom->preserveWhiteSpace = false;

$elements = $dom->getElementsByTagName('span');
while($span = $elements->item(0)) {       
   $span->parentNode->removeChild($span);
}

echo $dom->saveHTML();

Questions:
Answers:

@ile – I’ve had that problem – it’s because the index of the foreach iterator happily keeps incrementing, while calling removeChild() on the DOM also seems to remove the nodes from the DomNodeList ($spans). So for every span you remove, the nodelist shrinks one element and then gets its foreach counter incremented by one. Net result: it skips one span.

I’m sure there is a more elegant way, but this is how I did it – I moved the references from the DomNodeList to a second array, where they would not be removed by the removeChild() operation.

    foreach($spans as $span) {
        $nodes[] = $span;
    }
    foreach($nodes as $span) {
        $span->parentNode->removeChild($span);
    }