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Trying to load local JSON file to show data in a html page using JQuery

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

Hi I am trying to load local JSON file using JQuery to show data but i am getting some weird error. May i know how to solve this.

<html>
 <head>
<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript" src="jquery-1.8.2.min.js"></script>        

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(document).ready(function(e) {
    $.getJSON( "priorities.json" , function( result ){
        alert(result.start.count);
    });
});
</script></head>
</html>

I am just alerting the count of JSON data. My JSON file is in the same directory where this html file is and JSON string format is shown below.

{
"start": {
    "count": "5",
    "title": "start",
    "priorities": [
        {
            "txt": "Work"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Time Sense"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Dicipline"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Confidence"
        },
        {
            "txt": "CrossFunctional"
        }
    ]
}
}

JSON file name priorities.json and error is

Uncaught Referenceerror priorities is not defined

Answers:

As the jQuery API says: “Load JSON-encoded data from the server using a GET HTTP request.”

http://api.jquery.com/jQuery.getJSON/

So you cannot load a local file with that function. But as you browse the web then you will see that loading a file from filesystem is really difficult in javascript as the following thread says:

Local file access with javascript

Questions:
Answers:

Due to security issues (same origin policy), javascript access to local files is restricted if without user interaction.

According to https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Same-origin_policy_for_file:_URIs:

A file can read another file only if the parent directory of the
originating file is an ancestor directory of the target file.

Imagine a situation when javascript from a website tries to steal your files anywhere in your system without you being aware of. You have to deploy it to a web server. Or try to load it with a script tag. Like this:

<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript" src="jquery-1.8.2.min.js"></script>        
<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript" src="priorities.json"></script> 

<script type="text/javascript">
   $(document).ready(function(e) {
         alert(jsonObject.start.count);
   });
</script>

Your priorities.json file:

var jsonObject = {
"start": {
    "count": "5",
    "title": "start",
    "priorities": [
        {
            "txt": "Work"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Time Sense"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Dicipline"
        },
        {
            "txt": "Confidence"
        },
        {
            "txt": "CrossFunctional"
        }
    ]
}
}

Or declare a callback function on your page and wrap it like jsonp technique:

<script type="text/javascript" language="javascript" src="jquery-1.8.2.min.js">    </script> 
     <script type="text/javascript">
           $(document).ready(function(e) {

           });

           function jsonCallback(jsonObject){
               alert(jsonObject.start.count);
           }
        </script>

 <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript" src="priorities.json"></script> 

Your priorities.json file:

jsonCallback({
    "start": {
        "count": "5",
        "title": "start",
        "priorities": [
            {
                "txt": "Work"
            },
            {
                "txt": "Time Sense"
            },
            {
                "txt": "Dicipline"
            },
            {
                "txt": "Confidence"
            },
            {
                "txt": "CrossFunctional"
            }
        ]
    }
    })

Using script tag is a similar technique to JSONP, but with this approach it’s not so flexible. I recommend deploying it on a web server.

With user interaction, javascript is allowed access to files. That’s the case of File API. Using file api, javascript can access files selected by the user from <input type="file"/> or dropped from the desktop to the browser.

Questions:
Answers:

You can simply include a Javascript file in your HTML that declares your JSON object as a variable. Then you can access your JSON data from your global Javascript scope using data.employees, for example.

index.html:

<html>
<head>
</head>
<body>
  <script src="data.js"></script>
</body>
</html>

data.js:

var data = {
  "start": {
    "count": "5",
    "title": "start",
    "priorities": [{
      "txt": "Work"
    }, {
      "txt": "Time Sense"
    }, {
      "txt": "Dicipline"
    }, {
      "txt": "Confidence"
    }, {
      "txt": "CrossFunctional"
    }]
  }
}

Questions:
Answers:

The d3.js visualization examples I’ve been replicating on my local machine.. which import .JSON data.. all work fine on Mozilla Firefox browser; and on Chrome I get the cross-origins restrictions error.
It’s a weird thing how there’s no issue with importing a local javascript file, but try loading a JSON and the browser gets nervous. There should at least be some setting to let the user over-ride it, the way pop-ups are blocked but I get to see an indication and a choice to unblock them.. no reason to be so Orwellian about the matter. Users shouldn’t be treated as too naive to know what’s best for them.

So I suggest using Firefox browser if you’re working locally. And I hope people don’t freak out over this and start bombing Mozilla to enforce cross-origin restrictions for local files.

Questions:
Answers:

I would try to save my object as .txt file and then fetch it like this:

 $.get('yourJsonFileAsString.txt', function(data) {
   console.log( $.parseJSON( data ) );
 }); 

Questions:
Answers:

app.js

$("button").click( function() {
 $.getJSON( "article.json", function(obj) {
  $.each(obj, function(key, value) {
         $("ul").append("<li>"+value.name+"'s age is : "+value.age+"</li>");
  });
 });
});

index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Tax Calulator</title>
    <script src="jquery-3.2.0.min.js" type="text/javascript"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <ul></ul>
    <button>Users</button>
<script type="text/javascript" src="app.js"></script>
  </body>
</html>

article.json

{
"a": {
"name": "Abra",
"age": 125,
"company": "Dabra"
},
"b": {
"name": "Tudak tudak",
"age": 228,
"company": "Dhidak dhidak"
}
}

server.js

var http = require('http');
var fs = require('fs');

function onRequest(request,response){
  if(request.method == 'GET' && request.url == '/') {
          response.writeHead(200,{"Content-Type":"text/html"});
          fs.createReadStream("./index.html").pipe(response);
  } else if(request.method == 'GET' && request.url == '/jquery-3.2.0.min.js') {
          response.writeHead(200,{"Content-Type":"text/javascript"});
          fs.createReadStream("./jquery-3.2.0.min.js").pipe(response);
  } else if(request.method == 'GET' && request.url == '/app.js') {
          response.writeHead(200,{"Content-Type":"text/javascript"});
          fs.createReadStream("./app.js").pipe(response);
  }
  else if(request.method == 'GET' && request.url == '/article.json') {
          response.writeHead(200,{"Content-Type":"text/json"});
          fs.createReadStream("./article.json").pipe(response);
  }
}

http.createServer(onRequest).listen(2341);
console.log("Server is running ....");

Server.js will run a simple node http server in your local to process the data.

Note don’t forget toa dd jQuery library in your folder structure and change the version number accordingly in server.js and index.html

This is my running one https://github.com/surya4/jquery-json.