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two php arrays – sort one array with the value order of another

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have two PHP arrays like so:

  1. Array of X records containing the ID
    of WordPress posts (in a particular
    order)
  2. Array of WordPress posts

The two arrays look something like this:

Array One (Sorted Custom Array of WordPress Post IDs)

Array (  
  [0] => 54
  [1] => 10
  [2] => 4
)

Array Two (WordPress Post Array)

Array ( 
    [0] => stdClass Object
        (
            [ID] => 4
            [post_author] => 1
    )
    [1] => stdClass Object
        (
            [ID] => 54
            [post_author] => 1
    )
    [2] => stdClass Object
        (
            [ID] => 10
            [post_author] => 1
    )
)

I would like to sort the array of wordpress posts with the order of the ID’s in the first array.

I hope this makes sense, and thanks in advance of any help.

Tom

edit: The server is running PHP Version 5.2.14

How to&Answers:

This should be quite easy using usort, which sorts the array using a user-defined comparison function. The result might look something like this:

usort($posts, function($a, $b) use ($post_ids) {
    return array_search($a->ID, $post_ids) - array_search($b->ID, $post_ids);
});

Note that this solution, since it uses anonymous functions and closures, requires PHP 5.3.


One easy solution for this pre-5.3 (the dark ages!) is to do this with a quick loop and then ksort:

$ret = array();
$post_ids = array_flip($post_ids);
foreach ($posts as $post) {
    $ret[$post_ids[$post->ID]] = $post;
}
ksort($ret);

Answer:

You could create a nested looping mechanism to match up the order and ids and rebuild a new post array.

$new_post_array = array();

foreach($id_array as $id) {          //loop through custom ordered ids

    foreach($post_array as $post) {  //for every id loop through posts

        if($id == $post->ID){         //and when the custom ordered id matches the post->ID

            new_array[] = $post       //push the post on the new array

        }

    }

}

Answer:

$sortOrderMap = array_flip($postIds);

usort($posts, function($postA, $postB) use ($sortOrderMap) {
    return $sortOrderMap[$postA->ID] - $sortOrderMap[$postB->ID];
});

You can simply subtract b from a instead of a from b to sort the other direction