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user interface – Android ViewPager with bottom dots

Posted by: admin March 10, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I want to add 3 bottom dots to my ViewPager, like this.

3 bottom dots
3 bottom dots
3 bottom dots

I use FragmentActivity and support library ViewPager.

How to&Answers:

No need for that much code.

You can do all this stuff without coding so much by using only viewpager with tablayout.

Your main Layout:

<RelativeLayout
   xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="wrap_content">

   <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
       android:id="@+id/pager"
       android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="match_parent">

   </android.support.v4.view.ViewPager>
   <android.support.design.widget.TabLayout
       android:id="@+id/tabDots"
       android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
       android:layout_width="match_parent"
       android:layout_height="wrap_content"
       app:tabBackground="@drawable/tab_selector"
       app:tabGravity="center"
       app:tabIndicatorHeight="0dp"/>
</RelativeLayout>

Hook up your UI elements inactivity or fragment as follows:

Java Code:

mImageViewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.pager);
TabLayout tabLayout = (TabLayout) findViewById(R.id.tabDots);
tabLayout.setupWithViewPager(mImageViewPager, true);

That’s it, you are good to go.

You will need to create the following xml resource file in the drawable folder.

tab_indicator_selected.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape
    android:innerRadius="0dp"
    android:shape="oval"
    android:thickness="4dp"
    android:useLevel="false"
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <solid android:color="@color/colorAccent"/>
</shape>

tab_indicator_default.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
            android:innerRadius="0dp"
            android:shape="oval"
            android:thickness="2dp"
            android:useLevel="false">
            <solid android:color="@android:color/darker_gray"/>
    </shape>

tab_selector.xml

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">

    <item android:drawable="@drawable/tab_indicator_selected"
          android:state_selected="true"/>

    <item android:drawable="@drawable/tab_indicator_default"/>
</selector>

Feeling as lazy as I am? Well, all the above code is converted into a library!
Usage
Add the following in your gradle:
implementation 'com.chabbal:slidingdotsplash:1.0.2'
Add the following to your Activity or Fragment layout.

<com.chabbal.slidingdotsplash.SlidingSplashView
        android:id="@+id/splash"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        app:imageResources="@array/img_id_arr"/>

Create an integer array in strings.xml e.g.

<integer-array name="img_id_arr">
   <item>@drawable/img1</item>
   <item>@drawable/img2</item>
   <item>@drawable/img3</item>
   <item>@drawable/img4</item>
</integer-array>

Done!
Extra in order to listen page changes use addOnPageChangeListener(listener);
Github link.

Answer:

viewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new OnPageChangeListener() {
            @Override
            public void onPageSelected(int position) {

                switch (position) {
    case 0:
        img_page1.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot_selected);
        img_page2.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page3.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page4.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        break;

    case 1:
        img_page1.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page2.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot_selected);
        img_page3.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page4.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        break;

    case 2:
        img_page1.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page2.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page3.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot_selected);
        img_page4.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        break;

    case 3:
        img_page1.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page2.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page3.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot);
        img_page4.setImageResource(R.drawable.dot_selected);
        break;

    default:
        break;
    }


            }

            @Override
            public void onPageScrolled(int arg0, float arg1, int arg2) {

            }

            @Override
            public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int arg0) {

            }
        });

Answer:

My handmade solution:

In the layout:

<LinearLayout
        android:orientation="horizontal"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/dots"
        />

And in the Activity

private final static int NUM_PAGES = 5;
private ViewPager mViewPager;
private List<ImageView> dots;

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    // ...
    addDots();
}

public void addDots() {
    dots = new ArrayList<>();
    LinearLayout dotsLayout = (LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.dots);

    for(int i = 0; i < NUM_PAGES; i++) {
        ImageView dot = new ImageView(this);
        dot.setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.pager_dot_not_selected));

        LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
        );
        dotsLayout.addView(dot, params);

        dots.add(dot);
    }

    mViewPager.setOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
        }

        @Override
        public void onPageSelected(int position) {
            selectDot(position);
        }

        @Override
        public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
        }
    });
}

public void selectDot(int idx) {
    Resources res = getResources();
    for(int i = 0; i < NUM_PAGES; i++) {
        int drawableId = (i==idx)?(R.drawable.pager_dot_selected):(R.drawable.pager_dot_not_selected);
        Drawable drawable = res.getDrawable(drawableId);
        dots.get(i).setImageDrawable(drawable);
    }
}

Answer:

I created a library to address the need for a page indicator in a ViewPager. My library contains a View called DotIndicator. To use my library, add compile 'com.matthew-tamlin:sliding-intro-screen:3.2.0' to your gradle build file.

The View can be added to your layout by adding the following:

    <com.matthewtamlin.sliding_intro_screen_library.indicators.DotIndicator
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            app:numberOfDots=YOUR_INT_HERE
            app:selectedDotIndex=YOUR_INT_HERE/>

The above code perfectly replicates the functionality of the dots on the Google Launcher homescreen, however if you want to further customise it then the following attributes can be added:

  • app:unselectedDotDiameter and app:selectedDotDiameter to set the diameters of the dots
  • app:unselectedDotColor and app:selectedDotColor to set the colors of the dots
  • app:spacingBetweenDots to change the distance between the dots
  • app:dotTransitionDuration to set the time for animating the change from small to big (and back)

Additionally, the view can be created programatically using:

DotIndicator indicator = new DotIndicator(context);

Methods exist to modify the properties, similar to the attributes. To update the indicator to show a different page as selected, just call method indicator.setSelectedItem(int, true) from inside ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener.onPageSelected(int).

Here’s an example of it in use:

enter image description here

If you’re interested, the library was actually designed to make intro screens like the one shown in the above gif.

Github source available here: https://github.com/MatthewTamlin/SlidingIntroScreen

Answer:

ViewPagerIndicator has not been updated since 2012 and got several bugs that were never fixed.

I finally found an alternative with this light library that displays nice dots for the viewpager, here is the link:

https://github.com/ongakuer/CircleIndicator

Easy to implement!

Answer:

I thought of posting a simpler solution for the above problem and indicator numbers can be dynamically changed with only changing one variable value dotCounts=x what I did goes like this.

1) Create an xml file in drawable folder for page selected indicator named “item_selected”.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval" android:useLevel="true"
    android:dither="true">
    <size android:height="8dp" android:width="8dp"/>
    <solid android:color="@color/image_item_selected_for_dots"/>
</shape>

2) Create one more xml file for unselected indicator named “item_unselected”

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval" android:useLevel="true"
    android:dither="true">

    <size android:height="8dp" android:width="8dp"/>

    <solid android:color="@color/image_item_unselected_for_dots"/>
</shape>

3) Now add add this part of the code at the place where you want to display the indicators for ex below viewPager in your Layout XML file.

 <RelativeLayout
        android:id="@+id/viewPagerIndicator"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_below="@+id/banner_pager"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:gravity="center">

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/viewPagerCountDots"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:orientation="horizontal" />
        </RelativeLayout>

4) Add this function on top of your activity file file where your layout is inflated or the above xml file is related to

private int dotsCount=5;    //No of tabs or images
private ImageView[] dots;
LinearLayout linearLayout;

private void drawPageSelectionIndicators(int mPosition){
    if(linearLayout!=null) {
        linearLayout.removeAllViews();
    }
    linearLayout=(LinearLayout)findViewById(R.id.viewPagerCountDots);
    dots = new ImageView[dotsCount];
    for (int i = 0; i < dotsCount; i++) {
        dots[i] = new ImageView(context);
        if(i==mPosition)
            dots[i].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.item_selected));
        else
            dots[i].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.item_unselected));

        LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT,
                LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT
        );

        params.setMargins(4, 0, 4, 0);
        linearLayout.addView(dots[i], params);
    }
}

5) Finally in your onCreate method add the following code to reference your layout and handle pageselected positions

drawPageSelectionIndicators(0);
mPager.addOnPageChangeListener(new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
    @Override
    public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageSelected(int position) {
        drawPageSelectionIndicators(position);
    }

    @Override
    public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {
    }
});

Answer:

You can try Jake Wharton’s library – https://github.com/JakeWharton/Android-ViewPagerIndicator

Answer:

Following is my proposed solution.

  • Since we need to show only some images in the view pagers so have avoided the cumbersome use of fragments.
    • Implemented the view page indicators (the bottom dots without any extra library or plugin)
    • On the touch of the view page indicators(the dots) also the page navigation is happening.
    • Please don”t forget to add your own images in the resources.
    • Feel free to comment and improve upon it.

A) Following is my activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:paddingBottom="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    android:paddingLeft="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingRight="@dimen/activity_horizontal_margin"
    android:paddingTop="@dimen/activity_vertical_margin"
    tools:context="schneider.carouseladventure.MainActivity">

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/viewpager"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content" />

    <RelativeLayout
        android:id="@+id/viewPagerIndicator"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="55dp"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:layout_marginTop="5dp"
        android:gravity="center">

        <LinearLayout
            android:id="@+id/viewPagerCountDots"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="match_parent"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
            android:gravity="center"
            android:orientation="horizontal" />

    </RelativeLayout>


</RelativeLayout>

B) pager_item.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent">

    <ImageView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:id="@+id/imageView" />
</LinearLayout>

C) MainActivity.java

import android.support.v4.view.ViewPager;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.util.Log;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.ImageButton;
import android.widget.ImageView;
import android.widget.LinearLayout;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener, View.OnClickListener {

    int[] mResources = {R.drawable.nature1, R.drawable.nature2, R.drawable.nature3, R.drawable.nature4,
            R.drawable.nature5, R.drawable.nature6
    };

    ViewPager mViewPager;
    private CustomPagerAdapter mAdapter;
    private LinearLayout pager_indicator;
    private int dotsCount;
    private ImageView[] dots;


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

        mViewPager = (ViewPager) findViewById(R.id.viewpager);
        pager_indicator = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.viewPagerCountDots);
        mAdapter = new CustomPagerAdapter(this, mResources);
        mViewPager.setAdapter(mAdapter);
        mViewPager.setCurrentItem(0);
        mViewPager.setOnPageChangeListener(this);

        setPageViewIndicator();

    }

    private void setPageViewIndicator() {

        Log.d("

Answer:

setPageViewIndicator", " : called"); dotsCount = mAdapter.getCount(); dots = new ImageView[dotsCount]; for (int i = 0; i < dotsCount; i++) { dots[i] = new ImageView(this); dots[i].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.nonselecteditem_dot)); LinearLayout.LayoutParams params = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams( LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT, LinearLayout.LayoutParams.WRAP_CONTENT ); params.setMargins(4, 0, 4, 0); final int presentPosition = i; dots[presentPosition].setOnTouchListener(new View.OnTouchListener() { @Override public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) { mViewPager.setCurrentItem(presentPosition); return true; } }); pager_indicator.addView(dots[i], params); } dots[0].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.selecteditem_dot)); } @Override public void onClick(View v) { } @Override public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) { } @Override public void onPageSelected(int position) { Log.d("

Answer:

onPageSelected, pos ", String.valueOf(position)); for (int i = 0; i < dotsCount; i++) { dots[i].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.nonselecteditem_dot)); } dots[position].setImageDrawable(getResources().getDrawable(R.drawable.selecteditem_dot)); if (position + 1 == dotsCount) { } else { } } @Override public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) { } }

D) CustomPagerAdapter.java

 import android.content.Context;
    import android.support.v4.view.PagerAdapter;
    import android.view.LayoutInflater;
    import android.view.View;
    import android.view.ViewGroup;
    import android.widget.ImageView;
    import android.widget.LinearLayout;

    public class CustomPagerAdapter extends PagerAdapter {
        private Context mContext;
        LayoutInflater mLayoutInflater;
        private int[] mResources;

        public CustomPagerAdapter(Context context, int[] resources) {
            mContext = context;
            mLayoutInflater = (LayoutInflater) mContext.getSystemService(Context.LAYOUT_INFLATER_SERVICE);
            mResources = resources;
        }

        @Override
        public Object instantiateItem(ViewGroup container, int position) {

            View itemView = mLayoutInflater.inflate(R.layout.pager_item,container,false);
            ImageView imageView = (ImageView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.imageView);
            imageView.setImageResource(mResources[position]);
           /* LinearLayout.LayoutParams layoutParams = new LinearLayout.LayoutParams(950, 950);
            imageView.setLayoutParams(layoutParams);*/
            container.addView(itemView);
            return itemView;
        }

        @Override
        public void destroyItem(ViewGroup collection, int position, Object view) {
            collection.removeView((View) view);
        }

        @Override
        public int getCount() {
            return mResources.length;
        }

        @Override
        public boolean isViewFromObject(View view, Object object) {
            return view == object;
        }
    }

E) selecteditem_dot.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:shape="oval" android:useLevel="true"
    android:dither="true">

    <size android:height="12dip" android:width="12dip"/>

    <solid android:color="#7e7e7e"/>
</shape>

F) nonselecteditem_dot.xml

 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <shape xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:shape="oval" android:useLevel="true"
        android:dither="true">        
        <size android:height="12dip" android:width="12dip"/>        
        <solid android:color="#d3d3d3"/>
    </shape>

first image

enter image description here

Answer:

If anyone wants to build a viewPager with thumbnails as indicators, using this library could be an option:
ThumbIndicator for viewPager that works also with image links as resources.

Answer:

Here is how I did this, somewhat similar to the solutions above. Just make sure you call the loadDots() method after all images are downloaded.

    private int dotsCount;
    private TextView dotsTextView[];

    private void setupAdapter() {
        adapter = new SomeAdapter(getContext(), images);
        viewPager.setAdapter(adapter);
        viewPager.setCurrentItem(0);
        viewPager.addOnPageChangeListener(viewPagerPageChangeListener);
    }

    private final ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener viewPagerPageChangeListener = new ViewPager.OnPageChangeListener() {
        @Override
        public void onPageScrolled(int position, float positionOffset, int positionOffsetPixels) {}

        @Override
        public void onPageSelected(int position) {
            for (int i = 0; i < dotsCount; i++)
                dotsTextView[i].setTextColor(Color.GRAY);

            dotsTextView[position].setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
        }

        @Override
        public void onPageScrollStateChanged(int state) {}
    };

    protected void loadDots() {
        dotsCount = adapter.getCount();
        dotsTextView = new TextView[dotsCount];
        for (int i = 0; i < dotsCount; i++) {
            dotsTextView[i] = new TextView(getContext());
            dotsTextView[i].setText(R.string.dot);
            dotsTextView[i].setTextSize(45);
            dotsTextView[i].setTypeface(null, Typeface.BOLD);
            dotsTextView[i].setTextColor(android.graphics.Color.GRAY);
            mDotsLayout.addView(dotsTextView[i]);
        }
        dotsTextView[0].setTextColor(Color.WHITE);
    }

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<FrameLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content">

    <android.support.v4.view.ViewPager
        android:id="@+id/viewPager"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="180dp"
        android:background="#00000000"/>


    <ImageView
        xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        android:id="@+id/introImageView"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"/>

    <LinearLayout
        android:id="@+id/image_count"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:background="#00000000"
        android:gravity="center|bottom"
        android:orientation="horizontal"/>
</FrameLayout>