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“usort” a Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection?

Posted by: admin November 29, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

In various cases I need to sort a Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection according to a property in the object. Without finding a method doing that right away, I do this:

// $collection instanceof Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection
$array = $collection->getValues();
usort($array, function($a, $b){
    return ($a->getProperty() < $b->getProperty()) ? -1 : 1 ;
});

$collection->clear();
foreach ($array as $item) {
    $collection->add($item);
}

I presume this is not the best way when you have to copy everything to native PHP array and back. I wonder if there is a better way to “usort” a Doctrine\Common\Collections\ArrayCollection. Do I miss any doc?

Answers:

To sort an existing Collection you are looking for the ArrayCollection::getIterator() method which returns an ArrayIterator. example:

$iterator = $collection->getIterator();
$iterator->uasort(function ($a, $b) {
    return ($a->getPropery() < $b->getProperty()) ? -1 : 1;
});
$collection = new ArrayCollection(iterator_to_array($iterator));

The easiest way would be letting the query in the repository handle your sorting.

Imagine you have a SuperEntity with a ManyToMany relationship with Category entities.

Then for instance creating a repository method like this:

// Vendor/YourBundle/Entity/SuperEntityRepository.php

public function findByCategoryAndOrderByName($category)
{
    return $this->createQueryBuilder('e')
        ->where('e.category = :category')
        ->setParameter('category', $category)
        ->orderBy('e.name', 'ASC')
        ->getQuery()
        ->getResult()
    ;
}

… makes sorting pretty easy.

Hope that helps.

Questions:
Answers:

Since Doctrine 2.3 you can use the Criteria API

Eg:

<?php

public function getSortedComments()
{
    $criteria = Criteria::create()
      ->orderBy(array("created_at" => Criteria::ASC));

    return $this->comments->matching($criteria);
}

Note: this solution requires public access to $createdAt property or a public getter method getCreatedAt().

Questions:
Answers:

If you have an ArrayCollection field you could order with annotations. eg:

Say an Entity named Society has many Licenses. You could use

/**
* @ORM\OneToMany(targetEntity="License", mappedBy="society")
* @ORM\OrderBy({"endDate" = "DESC"})
**/
private $licenses;

That will order the ArrayCollection by endDate (datetime field) in desc order.

See Doctrine documentation: http://docs.doctrine-project.org/projects/doctrine-orm/en/latest/reference/annotations-reference.html#orderby