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What is autoload in php? [duplicate]

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

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This will be of help to you about usage of autoload. http://ditio.net/2008/11/13/php-autoload-best-practices/

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Here is the official documentation: http://php.net/autoload

In short, it just allows you to define search paths for classes so you wouldn’t be required to include the files containing them manually.

I suggest you should develop a habit of searching php.net by just appending function names or obvious keywords to the address. That’s how I found php.net/autoload. It’s quite convenient like that.

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What is autoloading?

Every time you want to use a new class in your PHP project, first you need to include this class (using include or require language construct, that’s right this are not functions). However if you have __autoload function defined, inclusion will handle itself.

include "classes/class.Foo.php";

$foo = new Foo;
$foo->start();
$foo->stop();

Basic Autoloading Example

function __autoload($class_name) 
{
    require_once $DOCUMENT_ROOT.“classes/class.”.$class_name.“.php”;
}

$foo = new Foo;
$foo->start();
$foo->stop();

PHP Official

Other

Update

PHP 5 introduced the magic function __autoload() which is automatically called when your code references a class or interface that hasn’t been loaded yet.

The major drawback to the __autoload() function is that you can only provide one autoloader with it. PHP 5.1.2 introduced spl_autoload() which allows you to register multiple autoloader functions, and in the future the __autoload() function will be deprecated.

The introduction of spl_autoload_register() gave programmers the ability to create an autoload chain, a series of functions that can be called to try and load a class or interface. For example:

<?php
function autoloadModel($className) {
    $filename = "models/" . $className . ".php";
    if (is_readable($filename)) {
        require $filename;
    }
}

function autoloadController($className) {
    $filename = "controllers/" . $className . ".php";
    if (is_readable($filename)) {
        require $filename;
    }
}

spl_autoload_register("autoloadModel");
spl_autoload_register("autoloadController");

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an __autoload() 

//function which is automatically called in case you are trying to use     
//a class/interface which hasn't been defined yet.

function __autoload($class_name) {
    include $class_name . '.php';
}

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Autoloader is function that load all the object on start up.
and also called the name of class.