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What is the PHP syntax for File/terminal output formatting?

Posted by: admin July 12, 2020 Leave a comment


I want to create a command line program using PHP. How do I design the program’s I/O?
I can send output as text. I am wondering about the specific output syntax. For example: In HTML i use <br/> to pass to a new line. How can I do this using terminal/file output? Is there a reference for terminal/file oriented programming in PHP?

How to&Answers:

Writing command-line PHP scripts is quite simple, actually. You output text in the exact same way you would normally: print and echo both print text to the console. The only difference here is that you can’t use HTML tags for formatting, since your code isn’t being interpreted by a web browser (i.e. "\n" will actually create a visible line break, not <br />).

Reading input from stdin is a little trickier, but all it really involves is essentially using some of the file reading functions (e.g. fgets(), fgetc(), fscanf()) and passing in STDIN as the file path (or php://stdin, depending on how new your version of PHP is).

And yes, there is a reference for command-line programming in PHP on php.net. It covers pretty much everything you need to know to work with PHP in a command-line environment.


When writing a CLI script consider ending lines with PHP_EOL so it will be cross platform compatible with UNIX ( \n ), Windows ( \n\r ) and Mac ( \r ). And when you whant to print it as html use the PHP’s nl2br function.