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What's the difference between JavaScript and JScript?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

I have always wondered what the heck is the difference between JScript and JavaScript.

Answers:

Just different names for what is really ECMAScript. John Resig has a good explanation.

Here’s the full version breakdown:

  • IE 6-7 support JScript 5 (which is equivalent to ECMAScript 3, JavaScript 1.5)
  • IE 8 supports JScript 6 (which is equivalent to ECMAScript 3, JavaScript 1.5 – more bug fixes over JScript 5)
  • Firefox 1.0 supports JavaScript 1.5 (ECMAScript 3 equivalent)
  • Firefox 1.5 supports JavaScript 1.6 (1.5 + Array Extras + E4X + misc.)
  • Firefox 2.0 supports JavaScript 1.7 (1.6 + Generator + Iterators + let + misc.)
  • Firefox 3.0 supports JavaScript 1.8 (1.7 + Generator Expressions + Expression Closures + misc.)
  • The next version of Firefox will support JavaScript 1.9 (1.8 + To be determined)
  • Opera supports a language that is equivalent to ECMAScript 3 + Getters and Setters + misc.
  • Safari supports a language that is equivalent to ECMAScript 3 + Getters and Setters + misc.
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Answers:

As far as I can tell, two things:

  1. ActiveXObject constructor
  2. The idiom f(x) = y, which is roughly equivalent to f[x] = y.
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From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jscript

JScript is the Microsoft dialect of
the ECMAScript scripting language
specification.

JavaScript (the Netscape/Mozilla
implementation of the ECMA
specification), JScript, and
ECMAScript are very similar languages.
In fact the name “JavaScript” is often
used to refer to ECMAScript or
JScript.

Microsoft uses the name JScript for its implementation to avoid trademark issues (JavaScript is a trademark of Oracle Corporation).

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JScript is Microsoft’s implementation of the ECMAScript specification. JavaScript is the Mozilla implementation of the specification.

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Javascript, the language, came first, from Netscape.

Microsoft reverse engineered Javascript and called it JScript to avoid trademark issues with Sun. (Netscape and Sun were partnered up at the time, so this was less of an issue)

The languages are identical, both are dialects of ECMA script, the after-the-fact standard.

Although the languages are identical, since JScript runs in Internet Explorer, it has access to different objects exposed by the browser (such as ActiveXObject)

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JScript is the Microsoft implementation of Javascript

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According to this article:

  • JavaScript is a scripting language developed by Netscape Communications designed for developing client and server Internet applications. Netscape Navigator is designed to interpret JavaScript embedded into Web pages. JavaScript is independent of Sun Microsystem’s Java language.

  • Microsoft JScript is an open implementation of Netscape’s JavaScript. JScript is a high-performance scripting language designed to create active online content for the World Wide Web. JScript allows developers to link and automate a wide variety of objects in Web pages, including ActiveX controls and Java programs. Microsoft Internet Explorer is designed to interpret JScript embedded into Web pages.

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Wikipedia has this to say about the differences.

In general JScript is an ActiveX scripting language that is probably interpreted as JavaScript by non-IE browsers.

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There are some code differences to be aware of.

A negative first parameter to subtr is not supported, e.g. in Javascript: "string".substr(-1) returns “g”, whereas in JScript: "string".substr(-1) returns “string”

It’s possible to do "string"[0] to get “s” in Javascript, but JScript doesn’t support such a construct. (Actually, only modern browsers appear to support the "string"[0] construct.

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Long time ago all browser providers were making javascript engines for their browsers and only they and god knew what was happening inside this. One beautiful day ECMA international came and said: let’s make engines based on common standard, let’s make something general to make life more easy and fun and they made that standard.
since all browser providers make their Javascript engines based on ECMAscript core(standard).

For example, google chrome uses V8 engine and this is open source. you can download it and see how C++ program translates a command ‘print’ of Javascript to a machine code.

Internet Explorer uses JScript(Chakra) engine for their browser and others do so and they all uses common core.

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Jscript is a .NET language similar to C#, with the same capabilities and access to all the .NET functions.

JavaScript is run on the ASP Classic server. Use Classic ASP to run the same JavaScript that you have on the Client (excluding HTML5 capabilities). I only have one set of code this way for most of my code.

I run .ASPX JScript when I require Image and Binary File functions, (among many others) that are not in Classic ASP. This code is unique for the server, but extremely powerful.

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JScript is Microsoft‘s equivalent of JavaScript.
Java is an Oracle product and used to be a Sun product.

Oracle bought Sun.

JavaScript + Microsoft = JScript