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When should I use UNSIGNED and SIGNED INT in MySQL?

Posted by: admin November 1, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

When should I use UNSIGNED and SIGNED INT in MySQL ?
What is better to use or this is just personal prefernce ?
Because I’ve seen it used like this;

id INT(10) UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT

and

id INT(11) NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT
Answers:

UNSIGNED only stores positive numbers (or zero). On the other hand, signed can store negative numbers (i.e., may have a negative sign).

Here’s a table of the ranges of values each INTEGER type can store:

MySQL INTERGER types and lengths
Source: http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.6/en/integer-types.html

UNSIGNED ranges from 0 to n, while signed ranges from about -n/2 to n/2.

In this case, you have an AUTO_INCREMENT ID column, so you would not have negatives. Thus, use UNSIGNED. If you do not use UNSIGNED for the AUTO_INCREMENT column, your maximum possible value will be half as high (and the negative half of the value range would go unused).

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Answers:

Use UNSIGNED for always positive integers.

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Answers:

Basically with UNSIGNED, you’re giving yourself twice as much space for the integer since you explicitly specify you don’t need negative numbers (usually because values you store will never be negative).

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I think, UNSIGNED would be the best option to store something like time_duration(Eg: resolved_call_time = resolved_time(DateTime)-creation_time(DateTime)) value in minutes or hours or seconds format which will definitely be a non-negative number

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One thing i would like to add
In a signed int, which is the default value in mysql , 1 bit will be used to represent sign. -1 for negative and 0 for positive.
So if your application insert only positive value it should better specify unsigned.

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I’m not agree with vipin cp.

The true is that first bit is used for represent the sign. But 1 is for negative and 0 is for positive values. More over negative values are coded in different way (two’s complement). Example with TINYINT:

The sign bit
|
1000 0000b = -128d  
...  
1111 1101b = -3d  
1111 1110b = -2d  
1111 1111b = -1d  

0000 0000b = 0d  
0000 0001b = 1d  
0000 0010b = 2d  
...  
0111 1111b = 127d  

Questions:
Answers:

If you know the type of numbers you are going to store, your can choose accordingly.
In this case your have ‘id’ which can never be negative. So you can use unsigned int.
Range of signed int: -n/2 to +n/2
Range of unsigned int: 0 to n
So you have twice the number of positive numbers available.
Choose accordingly.