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Which is best way to define constants in android, either static class, interface or xml resource?

Posted by: admin March 11, 2020 Leave a comment

Questions:

I’m developing an android application which uses web service to get data from server, for that I’m having three different set of URLs to point development system, test server and live server. It’s difficult to change URL whenever I want to give application for testing/live. so I planned to make it as configurable, so that application can get appropriate URL based on me build type configuration constant.
So,

  • which is the best way to keep this constants, java static class or
    java public interface or xml resource file.? When? Why?
  • which gives better performance?, When? Why?

Ex: xml resource

<integer name="config_build_type">0</integer>
<string-array name="url_authentication">
    <item >http://development.com/xxxx</item>
    <item >http://test.com/xxx</item>
    <item >http://example.com/xxx</item>
</string-array>

Java static constant

public class Config {
    public static final int BUILD_TYPE = 0; // 0 - development, 1 - test, 2 - live
    public static final String[] URL_AUTHENTICATION = {"http://development.com/", "http://test.com/", "http://example.com"};
}
How to&Answers:

There is a big difference between the two in that you can reference project resources in your XML layouts. They are available in the application context and are therefore accessible across the global application. The biggest advantages of using project resources is the ease of access and that they allow you to organize your project significantly.

static final constants are compiled into the java bytecode; project resources are compiled into a binary format within the apk. Accessing either is extremely efficient… if there is a difference between the two, it is trivial at most.

There isn’t a set rule on how you should be using resources/constants in your project. That said, I personally use resources for values that I might need to use in my XML or java code. On the other hand, I typically use static final constants for values that will only be used by my java code and are specific to my implementation.

Also note that it is possible to load XML resources at runtime depending on the device’s current configuration (i.e. screen size, locale, etc.). So you should take this into consideration when deciding whether or not you should declare the constant in XML or directly in your .java files.

Answer:

For the people who want to see how we can use a Class to define our constants and call any where we need.

Constant.java

    package org.nrum.nrum;

/**
 * Created by rajdhami on 5/23/2017.
 */
public class Constant {
    public static final String SERVER = "http://192.168.0.100/bs.dev/nrum";
//    public static final String SERVER = "http://192.168.100.2/bs.dev/nrum";
    public static final String API_END = SERVER + "/dataProvider";
    public static final String NEWS_API = API_END + "/newsApi";
    public static final String BANNER_API = API_END + "/bannerApi/lists";
    public static final String NOTICE_API = API_END + "/noticeApi/lists";
    public static final String UPLOAD_PATH = SERVER + "/uploads";
    public static final String UPLOAD_PATH_BANNER = UPLOAD_PATH + "/company_1/banner";
    public static final String UPLOAD_PATH_NEWS = UPLOAD_PATH + "/company_1/news";
    public static final int BANNER_TRANSITION_DURATION = 5000;
    public static final int NOTICE_BUTTON_BLINK_DURATION = 5000;
    public static final int BANNER_FETCH_LIMIT = 3;
}

Now we can use above constants in following way.

Constant.NOTICE_BUTTON_BLINK_DURATION

Answer:

In general case:

  • XML values have the advantage of accessbilty in layout file and manifest file over Constants in java file
  • XML values have the advantage for multi language support over Constants in java file

Answer:

It’s always a good practice to extract UI strings from your app code and keep them in an external file. Android makes this easy with a resources directory in each Android project.

http://developer.android.com/training/basics/supporting-devices/languages.html

Answer:

I think both way seems to be good but thing is that it depends on your requirements.

If you have your values(web service link) in your XML and suppose there is any change in your values(web service link) , you can easily change only in XML file.

But if you use inside classes as static variables you have to change in all class files.

So my suggestion is that separate constants from source file and put into resource and access it..

Answer:

I am glad someone asked this … plus one!

Project resources need access to Context, which is not available in static methods (unless you pass it in etc), but always available in Activity — there seems to be a preferential connection between resources and layouts. For app variables and constants that may be processed in static methods I create an abstract class and do a static import (of this constants class) in all the other project class files.

PVS