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Why is there no std::stou?

Posted by: admin November 30, 2017 Leave a comment

Questions:

C++11 added some new string conversion functions:

http://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/string/basic_string/stoul

It includes stoi (string to int), stol (string to long), stoll (string to long long), stoul (string to unsigned long), stoull (string to unsigned long long). Notable in its absence is a stou (string to unsigned) function. Is there some reason it is not needed but all of the others are?

related: No "sto{short, unsigned short}" functions in C++11?

Answers:

The most pat answer would be that the C library has no corresponding “strtou”, and the C++11 string functions are all just thinly veiled wrappers around the C library functions: The std::sto* functions mirror strto*, and the std::to_string functions use sprintf.


Edit: As KennyTM points out, both stoi and stol use strtol as the underlying conversion function, but it is still mysterious why while there exists stoul that uses strtoul, there is no corresponding stou.

Questions:
Answers:

I’ve no idea why stoi exists but not stou, but the only difference between stoul and a hypothetical stou would be a check that the result is in the range of unsigned:

unsigned stou(std::string const & str, size_t * idx = 0, int base = 10) {
    unsigned long result = std::stoul(str, idx, base);
    if (result > std::numeric_limits<unsigned>::max()) {
        throw std::out_of_range("stou");
    }
    return result;
}

(Likewise, stoi is also similar to stol, just with a different range check; but since it already exists, there’s no need to worry about exactly how to implement it.)